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Thread: Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Beans
    102

    Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

    Hi,

    I'm a newb at Apache admin

    I am running Apache2 and PHP5 on Gutsy Desktop, 7.10.

    I am already running three sites happily using a Virtual server setup, two are simple static sites and one is a Wordpress site. All work fine.

    I have now installed Drupal in a sub-directory of my Wordpress site. Not sure if this is a crazy thing to do... I simply created a new directory called 'd' inside the directory in which Wordpress is installed and installed Drupal there.

    The installation went fine and everything seems to work but I want to enable 'clean URLs'.

    To do this I need to enable mod_rewrite.

    I do:
    sudo a2enmod rewrite
    This module is already enabled!

    So far so good.

    I then need to Set AllowOveride from 'None' to 'All'. This is where I get lost.

    It seems I should be setting this in my apache2.conf file but I can't see where to make the change. This is the file:

    HTML Code:
    <code>
    #
    # Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
    #
    # This is the main Apache server configuration file.  It contains the
    # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
    # See [url]http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/[/url] for detailed information about
    # the directives.
    #
    # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
    # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
    # consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
    #
    # The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
    #  1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
    #     whole (the 'global environment').
    #  2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
    #     which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
    #     These directives also provide default values for the settings
    #     of all virtual hosts.
    #  3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
    #     different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
    #     same Apache server process.
    #
    # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
    # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
    # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
    # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
    # with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
    # server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".
    #
    
    ### Section 1: Global Environment
    #
    # The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
    # such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
    # can find its configuration files.
    #
    
    #
    # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
    # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
    #
    # NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
    # mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
    # at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.1/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>);
    # you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
    #
    # Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
    #
    ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"
    
    #
    # The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
    #
    #<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
    #<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
    LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
    #</IfModule>
    #</IfModule>
    
    #
    # PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
    # identification number when it starts.
    #
    PidFile /var/run/apache2.pid
    
    #
    # Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
    #
    Timeout 300
    
    #
    # KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
    # one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
    #
    KeepAlive On
    
    #
    # MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
    # during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
    # We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
    #
    MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
    
    #
    # KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
    # same client on the same connection.
    #
    KeepAliveTimeout 15
    
    ##
    ## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
    ## 
    
    # prefork MPM
    # StartServers: number of server processes to start
    # MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
    # MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
    # MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
    # MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
    <IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
        StartServers          5
        MinSpareServers       5
        MaxSpareServers      10
        MaxClients          150
        MaxRequestsPerChild   0
    </IfModule>
    
    # worker MPM
    # StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
    # MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
    # MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
    # MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
    # ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
    # MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
    <IfModule mpm_worker_module>
        StartServers          2
        MaxClients          150
        MinSpareThreads      25
        MaxSpareThreads      75 
        ThreadsPerChild      25
        MaxRequestsPerChild   0
    </IfModule>
    
    User www-data
    Group www-data
    
    #
    # AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
    # for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride
    # directive.
    #
    
    AccessFileName .htaccess
    
    #
    # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
    # viewed by Web clients. 
    #
    <Files ~ "^\.ht">
        Order allow,deny
        Deny from all
    </Files>
    
    #
    # DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
    # if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
    # If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
    # a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
    # or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
    # keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
    # text.
    #
    DefaultType text/plain
    
    
    #
    # HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
    # e.g., [url]www.apache.org[/url] (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
    # The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
    # had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
    # each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
    # nameserver.
    #
    HostnameLookups Off
    
    # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
    # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
    # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
    # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
    #
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log
    
    #
    # LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    #
    LogLevel warn
    
    # Include module configuration:
    Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
    Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf
    
    # Include all the user configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
    
    # Include ports listing
    Include /etc/apache2/ports.conf
    
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
    LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
    LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent
    
    #
    # ServerTokens
    # This directive configures what you return as the Server HTTP response
    # Header. The default is 'Full' which sends information about the OS-Type
    # and compiled in modules.
    # Set to one of:  Full | OS | Minor | Minimal | Major | Prod
    # where Full conveys the most information, and Prod the least.
    #
    ServerTokens Full
    
    #
    # Optionally add a line containing the server version and virtual host
    # name to server-generated pages (internal error documents, FTP directory 
    # listings, mod_status and mod_info output etc., but not CGI generated 
    # documents or custom error documents).
    # Set to "EMail" to also include a mailto: link to the ServerAdmin.
    # Set to one of:  On | Off | EMail
    #
    ServerSignature On
    
    
    
    #
    # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
    # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
    #
    # Some examples:
    #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
    #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
    #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
    #ErrorDocument 402 [url]http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html[/url]
    #
    
    #
    # Putting this all together, we can internationalize error responses.
    #
    # We use Alias to redirect any /error/HTTP_<error>.html.var response to
    # our collection of by-error message multi-language collections.  We use 
    # includes to substitute the appropriate text.
    #
    # You can modify the messages' appearance without changing any of the
    # default HTTP_<error>.html.var files by adding the line:
    #
    #   Alias /error/include/ "/your/include/path/"
    #
    # which allows you to create your own set of files by starting with the
    # /usr/share/apache2/error/include/ files and copying them to /your/include/path/, 
    # even on a per-VirtualHost basis.  The default include files will display
    # your Apache version number and your ServerAdmin email address regardless
    # of the setting of ServerSignature.
    #
    # The internationalized error documents require mod_alias, mod_include
    # and mod_negotiation.  To activate them, uncomment the following 30 lines.
    
    #    Alias /error/ "/usr/share/apache2/error/"
    #
    #    <Directory "/usr/share/apache2/error">
    #        AllowOverride None
    #        Options IncludesNoExec
    #        AddOutputFilter Includes html
    #        AddHandler type-map var
    #        Order allow,deny
    #        Allow from all
    #        LanguagePriority en cs de es fr it nl sv pt-br ro
    #        ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
    #    </Directory>
    #
    #    ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var
    
    
    
    # Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,
    # see README.Debian for details.
    
    # Include generic snippets of statements
    Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/
    
    # Include the virtual host configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
    
    # Listen for virtual host requests on all IP addresses
    NameVirtualHost *
    # Include the virtual host configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/[^.#]*
    
    </code>
    There is nothing in my /etc/apache2/httpd.conf file.

    In my 'Sites enabled' directory I have a file relating to each of my sites.

    This is the contents of the file relating to my Wordpress site:
    HTML Code:
    code>
    <VirtualHost *>
    ServerAlias www.mysite.co.uk
    ServerName mysite.co.uk
    ServerAdmin webmaster@mysite.co.uk
    
    DocumentRoot /var/www/mysite/
    <Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    </Directory>
    <Directory /var/www/mysite/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    allow from all
    </Directory>
    
    
    
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/mysite_error.log
    
    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn
    
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/tmysite_access.log combined
    ServerSignature On
    </VirtualHost>
    </code>
    Should I make an addition to that file?

    Hope someone can help. I'm completely stumped. Nothing seems to work.

    I am restarting Apache after each change to a file btw.

    I am mostly referring to http://drupal.org/node/134439

    Thanks

    Simon

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Beans
    102

    Re: Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

    Hi,

    I'm sure this must be to do with me installing Drupal inside my Wordpress install...?

    I just tried adding

    <Directory /var/www/mysite/d/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    allow from all
    </Directory>

    inside my /etc/apache2/sites available/mysite file but I still get the error:

    Not Found

    The requested URL /d/admin/settings/clean-urls was not found on this server.

    Still stumped...

    Simon

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Powell River, BC, Canada
    Beans
    208
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

    Same here. The following worked for me. On Ubuntu 8.04 LTS desktop.

    STEPS
    1. Type in the following command in TERMINAL
    Code:
    sudo a2enmod rewrite
    2. Type in the following command in TERMINAL
    Code:
    /etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload
    3. Type in the following command in TERMINAL to restart apache.
    Code:
    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    4. Go to http://localhost/foldernamehere/?q=a...ngs/clean-urls
    or
    http://localhost/?q=admin/settings/clean-urls

    Refresh this page.
    The following message will be display on a green background "Your server has been successfully tested to support this feature."
    Select UNABLED
    Click on SAVE CONFIGURATION button.

    If it doesn't work. Redo above step 2 & 3. Wait 2 minutes. Continue to step 4.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Beans
    102

    Re: Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

    Quote Originally Posted by Onopoc View Post
    Same here. The following worked for me. On Ubuntu 8.04 LTS desktop.

    STEPS
    1. Type in the following command in TERMINAL
    Code:
    sudo a2enmod rewrite
    2. Type in the following command in TERMINAL
    Code:
    /etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload
    3. Type in the following command in TERMINAL to restart apache.
    Code:
    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    4. Go to http://localhost/foldernamehere/?q=a...ngs/clean-urls
    or
    http://localhost/?q=admin/settings/clean-urls

    Refresh this page.
    The following message will be display on a green background "Your server has been successfully tested to support this feature."
    Select UNABLED
    Click on SAVE CONFIGURATION button.

    If it doesn't work. Redo above step 2 & 3. Wait 2 minutes. Continue to step 4.
    Onopoc,

    Thanks for that one!

    I've had to put the project down for a bit so I can't even remember where I am with it...

    S

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Mar 2005
    Beans
    70

    Re: Please help me to enable clean URLs in Drupal (AllowOveride)

    For anyone still struggling with this one, see http://drupal.org/node/1572984

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