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Thread: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
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    Angry TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Okay, so I found a post on here and it got me going with https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CompilingSoftware

    That guy got to (his results):
    -------------------------------------------------------
    "Then I ran: ./configure
    result:

    checking build system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
    checking host system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
    checking target system type... i686-pc-linux-gnu
    checking for a BSD-compatible install... /usr/bin/install -c
    checking whether ln works... yes
    checking whether ln -s works... yes
    checking for gcc... gcc
    checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
    checking whether the C compiler works... yes
    checking whether we are cross compiling... no
    checking for suffix of executables...
    checking for suffix of object files... o
    checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
    checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
    checking for gcc option to accept ANSI C... none needed
    checking for g++... g++
    checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... yes
    checking whether g++ accepts -g... yes
    checking for gnatbind... no
    checking for gnatmake... no
    checking whether compiler driver understands Ada... no
    checking how to compare bootstrapped objects... cmp --ignore-initial=16 $$f1 $$f2
    checking for correct version of gmp.h... no
    configure: error: Building GCC requires GMP 4.1+ and MPFR 2.3.0+.
    Try the --with-gmp and/or --with-mpfr options to specify their locations.
    Copies of these libraries' source code can be found at their respective
    hosting sites as well as at ftp://gcc.gnu.org/pub/gcc/infrastructure/.
    See also http://gcc.gnu.org/install/prerequisites.html for additional info.
    If you obtained GMP and/or MPFR from a vendor distribution package, make
    sure that you have installed both the libraries and the header files.
    They may be located in separate packages.

    %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    then I ran: make
    result:

    make: *** No targets specified and no makefile found. Stop.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------

    (supposedly it was already installed after that for him)

    Well, after about an hour, I finally extracted the .tar.bz2 GCC file. Then it took me another hour to realize it extracted to /home.

    I opened up the folder "gcc-4.3.3" and it contained |another "GCC" folder a "libdecnumber" folder, a "libgcc" folder, and a "libgomp" folder along with 8 script files. Once script file says "configure" another says "compile".

    If I open the "GCC" folder there are 8 more folders (different) with a few scripts (one says configure) and a whole mess of text editor files.

    What I did: used alt + f2, Typed "./configure". Tried it with/without terminal, got "Error stating file '/home/myusername/configure': No such file or directory" Then I typed ./configure and ran it with both of the configure scripts, with/without terminal, and got the same error.

    Same thing happens when I use alt + cntrl + Fx to enter commands. I need this to compile some text in C language and run it as I'm trying to follow some tutorial to learn C. What am I doing wrong? How do I get this program installed? How do I run it? Thanks for looking!
    Last edited by Liveone; March 16th, 2009 at 02:34 AM.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
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    14,220

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Considering that your a bit lost at this stage (configuring), you'd be much better off not trying to install higher ver. of gcc (4.3.3) on intrepid....?

    If your are using intrepid, then it uses gcc 4.3.2 which should be good enough for what you want to do. (note that gcc is a 'core' lib and not as straight forward to upgrade as your thinking.

    maybe run this and try your tutorial again

    Code:
    sudo apt-get install build-essential
    It is possible to upgrade intrepid to gcc 4.3.3, it requires 11 package upgrades total, though to do so without compiling requires using mainly non ubuntu packages to keep your libc6, libc6-dev at the intrepid versions.

    One of my spare boxes is running gcc, g++ at version 4.3.3 on intrepid, but I couldn't advise you to do so.

    If you really need 4.3.3 then jaunty (9.04) uses that and releases next month.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
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    9

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Thanks for the reply!

    Actually I have no clue what intrepid is. I'm a complete noob. Shouldve posted in the beginners section.

    Hmmm, So gcc 4.3.2 already game with the system? I entered " gcc -dumpversion" and it came up 4.3.2. I guess that validates what your saying. I've also already run sudo apt-get install build-essential.

    How do I use the thing? I entered "gcc script.c -o" like my tutorial said, and ran it with the saved text file. Nothing happened. I also tried running gcc script.c -o by itself. Nothing happened (tut says enter "gcc script.c -o program" I figured by program he meant the text file, but I tried running it anyway with/without the text file, and no results).

    ------------------------------
    The tutorial

    A C compiler can't compile
    other languages, each one has it's own compiler/interpreter.
    I am using the free GNU GCC as the compiler. If you are on
    Windows i suggest you download the Bloodshed IDE, which
    contains and uses the mingw port of GCC. On unix-like you
    can use gcc from the terminal, by typing gcc script.c -o program.
    Note for windows users: You might have to add .exe there
    eg: gcc.exe script.c -o program

    So here we go , open a text editor if you are on unix, or Dev-C++
    if you are on windows. Copy and paste this, compile and run it.

    ---- [ hello.c ] ----

    #include <stdio.h>

    main() {

    printf("Hello World \n");
    getchar();
    }

    ---- [ hello.c ] ----

    The command line will pop up with the message "Hello World".
    When you press enter it closes.

    ---------------------------------------------

    This is all I'm trying to do, but nothing pops up. Hmmm, Could I have to install something from System>Administration>Synpatic Package Manager ? There are a total of 26167 listed packages, and 1221 installed. I havent messed with any of that because I don't want to mess anything up.

    Ahhh! I just want to program

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2006
    Location
    The Netherlands
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    2,185
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Quote Originally Posted by Liveone View Post
    Actually I have no clue what intrepid is. I'm a complete noob.
    Intrepid Ibex is the code name for Ubuntu 8.10.

    If you have installed the package build-essential, then you already have gcc version 4.3.2.

    If all you want to do is compile a simple Hello World application, then you are making it WAY too complicated for your self by trying to compile gcc 4.3.3! That's like you want to drive to the supermarket, and you decide to first build a car yourself...

    See FAQ: Compiling your first C or C++ programs in the Programming Talk forum.
    Ubuntu 12.04

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
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    9

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Build a car, lol.

    All right well thanks for that link. I think my problem is not understanding how to enter commands correctly.

    ------------------------------------------------
    Directions:

    Open a terminal, go to the directory where you saved main.c, and type:
    Code:

    gcc main.c -o test


    If all went fine, nothing is printed and you get back to the shell. Now, run it:
    Code:

    ./test


    "Hello World!" gets printed in the terminal.
    -------------------------------------------------

    What are the directions I put in bold telling me to do? Heres what I think that means: Press alt + F2 to open up "run application" I then type gcc main.c -o test (I don't click/press anything, just type it in). Then I click run with file. I navigate to where I saved main.c, click it and check run in terminal.

    gcc main.c -o test '/home/lowproguy/C Coding/main.c' is what shows up in the line before I hit "run" and absolutely nothing happens (terminal opens and closes in a split second). No executable is produced, nothing, no error either. Unless the exe is saved somewhere by default. Where the hell did it go?

    Then I did the same thing with ./test and I get an error saying no such file or directory. Obviously that happens because theres no exe to test... AH!!!!
    Last edited by Liveone; March 16th, 2009 at 10:13 PM.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
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    9

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Starting to see the error in my ways! ./test is supposed to simply run the exe produced by compiling main.c which is done by typing gcc main.c -o test which also names the produced exe "test" Cool Cool.

    So, now I see the problem is that there is no exe being produced...why is that? Nothing is written (terminal just opens and closes within the blink of an eye) after I enter gcc main.c -o test just as the link says should happen, but no exe is produced either.

    I even tried gcc main.c -o firstcode so that I could search for "firstcode" to find where the exe got sent and nothing was found. Now what am I doing wrong?

    EDIT: my fault for the double post, got ahead of myself when the little light bulb went off. Learning linux is actually quite fun when you start to understand all the commands your entering and the purpose of Synpatic Package Manager and ubuntu repositories.
    Last edited by Liveone; March 16th, 2009 at 10:37 PM. Reason: I'm an idiot

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
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    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Are you good to go with this yet? didn't get your 'edit'

    (your only problem is/was your not at the directory prompt (in a terminal) for where your 'main.c' is located

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jul 2007
    Location
    Magic City of the Plains
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    Hidden!
    Distro
    Xubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    I see you've got a directory name with a space in it. ext3 doesn't deal with spaces in file or directory names very well. One thing to do is to enclose the name in quote marks, for example
    Code:
    cd "/home/lowproguy/C Coding"
    or use "\"
    Code:
    cd /home/lowproguy/C\ Coding
    Much easier tho' just to do without spaces in names.

    Alt-F2 is best suited as a program launcher. Use it to open gnome-terminal, then run your gcc commands from there.

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
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    9

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    Quote Originally Posted by mc4man View Post
    Are you good to go with this yet? didn't get your 'edit'

    (your only problem is/was your not at the directory prompt (in a terminal) for where your 'main.c' is located
    If you could explain how to get there (as if I were 5 years old) that would be great. Seems very simple and basic but I just don't get it. I know I'll slap myself later, but its just not clicking.

    Quote Originally Posted by oldos2er View Post
    I see you've got a directory name with a space in it. ext3 doesn't deal with spaces in file or directory names very well. One thing to do is to enclose the name in quote marks, for example
    Code:
    cd "/home/lowproguy/C Coding"
    or use "\"
    Code:
    cd /home/lowproguy/C\ Coding
    Much easier tho' just to do without spaces in names.

    Alt-F2 is best suited as a program launcher. Use it to open gnome-terminal, then run your gcc commands from there.
    Now that helped out alot. I was looking for this "terminal" forever and now I finally know how to access it (other than pressing alt + fx). Thanks.

    So, all I need to do is

    Quote Originally Posted by mc4man View Post
    ...your only problem is/was your not at the directory prompt (in a terminal) for where your 'main.c' is located
    and understand what that means. how do I get in a terminal where my main.c is?
    Last edited by Liveone; March 16th, 2009 at 11:31 PM.

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
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    14,220

    Re: TRYING to install GCC 4.3.3

    how do I get in a terminal where my main.c is
    In a terminal
    cd path/to/directory (cd means 'change directory'

    based on your previous post, open a terminal and paste this in, press enter
    Code:
    cd "/home/lowproguy/C Coding"
    You can also open a terminal from Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal

    Ex.
    I have a folder named whatever in home folder
    doug@doug-desktop:~$ cd whatever
    doug@doug-desktop:~/whatever$
    Notice how the prompt changed from ~$ (~ signifies home dir.) to /whatever$ (now I'm at prompt for the whatever directory

    Ex.
    I have a folder on the desktop named whatever1

    doug@doug-desktop:~$ cd ~/Desktop/whatever1
    doug@doug-desktop:~/Desktop/whatever1$

    If you make directories (folders) then life is easier if you don't use spaces, if you need 2 or more words then underscore or - (then you won't need " or \

    C_Coding
    C-Coding

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