Results 1 to 8 of 8

Thread: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jan 2009
    Location
    U.S. Pacific Northwest
    Beans
    123

    [solved] How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    My latop PC has WinXP on its internal drive, which I do not want to touch.
    I need to make a boot cd that will boot ubuntu loaded on an external USB disk drive.
    This computer will not boot directly off USB devices.
    I followed the instructions in 'info grub' for making a bootable cd, but all I get is "error 25 disk read error", so I did something wrong, or misunderstood.

    Xp is on hd0
    Ubuntu is on (hd1,3)

    Maybe I should set it up to boot XP also, in case I crash the hdd.
    When I went into the menu and told it to find NTLDR, same thing, error 25.

    So I need to start over from the top.
    Last edited by doctordruidphd; January 23rd, 2009 at 10:55 PM. Reason: solved

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Location
    California, USA
    Beans
    8,111

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Instead of Grub, I would try using the "PLoP" boot manager, because it has better support for booting USB devices when your BIOS does not support USB booting. Just download the PLoP ISO, burn it to CD, boot it, and select the option to boot from your USB drive. Let me know if that works OK or if you run into problems.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Location
    Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Quote Originally Posted by caljohnsmith View Post
    Instead of Grub, I would try using the "PLoP" boot manager, because it has better support for booting USB devices when your BIOS does not support USB booting. Just download the PLoP ISO, burn it to CD, boot it, and select the option to boot from your USB drive. Let me know if that works OK or if you run into problems.
    Thanks for mentioning PLoP. I haven't tried it yet... But will now.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jan 2009
    Location
    U.S. Pacific Northwest
    Beans
    123

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Thanks for the suggestion, but PLoP didn't work. The bios on this computer does not see the USB devices until their drivers are loaded. That means all the boot files -- vmlinuz, initrd, all that stuff -- has to be on the cdrom. That's how I do it from the internal hard disk, but I am going to remove this disk and replace it with a new one, so it is essential that I be able to boot the system without it.
    Ergo, I need a boot cdrom. Looks like GRUB should do it, but I can't figure out how. Maybe I am burning the iso wrong. Got it to where it almost started, but freezes during the load process.

    Any grub gurus out there can help?

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Location
    Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Have you looked at http://www.pendrivelinux.com/ yet? They have a download (and tutorial) for a CD iso that can boot Ubuntu-8.10 on USB-flash. From what I understand, the CD loads the USB drivers so you can boot the USB-flash.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jan 2009
    Location
    U.S. Pacific Northwest
    Beans
    123

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Thanks, but not useful.
    My system is not set up the way they set up a pen drive. So this did not work.
    I have read the documentation at the GNU/grub site, and I thought I had followed the directions, but can't get it to work.

    I really don't think "alternatives" are going to work. Besides, I want to learn how to do this. I just can't figure out the grub docs.

    Here is what I have done so far:

    Create an $/iso/boot/grub tree
    Put stage2_eltorito in $/iso/boot/grub
    Put menu.lst in $/iso/boot/grub

    Menu.lst as follows:

    ---------------------------------

    title kUbuntu
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/ubuntu/vmlinuz-2.6.27-9-generic root=/dev/sdb4 ro
    initrd /boot/ubuntu/initrd.img-2.6.27-9-generic
    savedefault

    title kUbuntu (single-user mode)
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/ubuntu/vmlinuz-2.6.27-9-generic root=/dev/sdb4 ro single
    initrd /boot/ubuntu/initrd.img-2.6.27-9-generic
    savedefault

    title Debian/Gnome
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/lenny/vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-686 root=/dev/sda2 ro
    initrd /boot/lenny/initrd.img-2.6.26-1-686
    savedefault

    title Debian/Gnome (single-user mode)
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/lenny/vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-686 root=/dev/sda2 ro single
    initrd /boot/lenny/initrd.img-2.6.26-1-686
    savedefault

    title find and load NTLDR of Windows NT/2K/XP
    root (hd0,1)
    find --set-root /ntldr
    chainloader /ntldr
    savedefault --wait=2

    ------------------------- (I have esnipped out a lot of commented stuff)

    windows is on (hd0,1)
    debian is on /sda2
    ubuntu is on /sdb4

    (Note: debian calls its drive /sda, while ubuntu calls it /sdb, and calls windows' drive /sda, which debian calls /hd1. go figure)

    I have put everything from /sdb4/boot into $/iso/boot/ubuntu, and everything from /sda2/boot into $/iso/boot/lenny

    I make the iso file with:
    $ genisoimage -R -b boot/grub/stage2_eltorito -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -o grub.iso iso

    burn this, and reboot.
    It shows the menu, loads stuff when I hit kubuntu, and then hangs at a black screen.
    Last edited by doctordruidphd; January 23rd, 2009 at 07:07 PM. Reason: added information

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Mar 2008
    Location
    California, USA
    Beans
    8,111

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    Quote Originally Posted by doctordruidphd View Post
    Thanks for the suggestion, but PLoP didn't work. The bios on this computer does not see the USB devices until their drivers are loaded.
    That's the whole idea of the PLoP boot manager--it comes with its own built-in USB driver. Therefore, you should be able to put all your Ubuntu boot files on your USB drive (including Ubuntu's own USB drivers), and then just boot the USB drive with PLoP. If you really want to put your Ubuntu boot files and USB drivers on a CD and boot the USB drive that way, you might want to check out this link:

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootFromUSB

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jan 2009
    Location
    U.S. Pacific Northwest
    Beans
    123

    Re: How to make boot cd for USB disk drive

    I don't know why Plop doesn't work -- I choose USB from the menu, it opens another window and says it is scanning, and does in fact scan, but it ends with a message saying 'no mass storage devices found'. No idea why.

    I solved the problem, though. The instructions in 'info grub' do work. The problem was with the menu.lst file. Too much junk in the original.
    This works:

    -----------------------------

    timeout 30

    color blue/black green/black


    #
    # examples
    #
    # title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
    # root (hd0,0)
    # makeactive
    # chainloader +1
    #
    # title Linux
    # root (hd0,1)
    # kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
    #
    title PLop boot manager
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/plpbt.bin


    title kUbuntu
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/ubuntu/vmlinuz-2.6.27-9-generic root=/dev/sdb4 ro splash quiet
    initrd /boot/ubuntu/initrd.img-2.6.27-9-generic


    title kUbuntu (single-user mode)
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/ubuntu/vmlinuz-2.6.27-9-generic root=/dev/sdb4 ro single
    initrd /boot/ubuntu/initrd.img-2.6.27-9-generic


    title Debian/Gnome
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/lenny/vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-686 root=/dev/sda2 ro
    initrd /boot/lenny/initrd.img-2.6.26-1-686


    title Debian/Gnome (single-user mode)
    root (cd)
    kernel /boot/lenny/vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-686 root=/dev/sda2 ro single
    initrd /boot/lenny/initrd.img-2.6.26-1-686

    # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
    # ones.
    title Other operating systems:
    root


    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/hda1
    #title Windows NT/2000/XP
    #root (hd0,0)

    #chainloader +1


    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/hda2
    title Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
    root (hd0,1)
    chainloader +1

    title find and load NTLDR of Windows NT/2K/XP
    root (hd0,1)
    find --set-root /ntldr
    chainloader /ntldr


    title find and load CMLDR of Windows NT/2K/XP
    find --set-root /cmldr
    chainloader /cmldr



    title commandline
    commandline

    title reboot
    reboot

    title halt
    halt

    -----------------------------------
    CD boots just fine now. Hooray! I can remove the hard disk now, once I figure out how to back up windows. That's another trial for another day.

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •