View Full Version : [ubuntu] UBUNTU doesn't recognize all my RAM
May 23rd, 2008, 09:17 AM
Hi, I have a problem with my RAM memory:
I have UBUNTU 7.10
I have just installed RAM: 4 x TRANSCEND 2 GB PC800 = 8 GB (total)
but when I ask for the ammount of it we get: free -m
total used free shared buffers cached
Mem: 3290 1187 2103 0 101 828
-/+ buffers/cache: 257 3033
Swap: 1953 0 1953
even, if I ask: top
top - 09:21:00 up 1:02, 1 user, load average: 0.01, 0.03, 0.07
Tasks: 125 total, 1 running, 124 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
Cpu(s): 0.8%us, 0.0%sy, 0.0%ni, 99.2%id, 0.0%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st
Mem: 3369808k total, 1201880k used, 2167928k free, 102516k buffers
Swap: 2000084k total, 0k used, 2000084k free, 842460k cached
I have seen the BIOS and there appear the total 8 Gb of RAM.
Could You help me?
Many thanks in advantge
May 23rd, 2008, 09:19 AM
You will need to install the 64bit version of Ubuntu to see more than 4GB of ram.
May 23rd, 2008, 09:32 AM
Mike's right, a common limitation of 32 bit systems is that you can only use up to 4GB RAM (sure you can have more but it's pretty pointless unless you want to compile a custom kernel ;))
If you want to upgrade to 64 bit, you shouldn't have any issues (I don't :))
May 23rd, 2008, 09:37 AM
I understand that the Server kernel of the 32bit edition has its PAE flag enabled. This means that it is able to address upto 64GB of RAM.
The disadvantage, of course, is that you'll need to install a graphical system and any other applications (e.g. OpenOffice) yourself.
This is just to point out you do not /have/ to get 64bit. Having said that, I'm using 64bit and have for some time now. There are fewer and fewer problems with it. In fact, I can now do everything either without any extra effort, or with a minimum of additional steps.
May 23rd, 2008, 09:46 AM
You could also recompile the server with PAE or you could install the server-kernel....
May 23rd, 2008, 10:25 AM
This is easy to fix, I've had the same problem on my 8GB machine. You do indeed need to use a server kernel, install it with:
sudo aptitude install linux-server Then reboot your machine. There is a possibility that you may have to choose the new kernel in the GRUB boot menu.
May 23rd, 2008, 12:45 PM
Many thanks to all of You.
Your responses have been fas, useful, clear and understandable.
The only pity think is that I am new in the Linux world
and, hence, I am afraid to follow Your suggestions.
Probabiliy, I was wrong when I bought so much RAM.
But I still thinking that Linux is our wolrd
In any case, I sincerely would give You, Thanks.
May 23rd, 2008, 12:54 PM
recompiling the kernel shouldn't be *that* difficult. Basically you take all the settings you have now and just enable PAE. There's a howto I have wanted to try for a long time, haven't done yet so: http://www.howtoforge.com/kernel_compilation_ubuntu
Otherwise do as barnex says. That will install the server kernel which has PAE already enabled. However the server kernel is more streamlined towards a headless server and not a desktop machine. There are some differences but I don't know all of them.
May 23rd, 2008, 01:24 PM
I'll try do it and I'll post the experience.
May 23rd, 2008, 01:27 PM
if you have questions, just ask ;)
Btw, when you do install linux-server you need then to boot into the server kernel. At bootup you should have two new entries... if you want to boot by default the server kernel then you can alter it in the grub menu.lst file:
sudo cp /boot/grub/menu.lst /boot/grub/menu.lst.bak
gksu gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst
May 23rd, 2008, 01:47 PM
Seriously go for it, I have installed the 64bit version on several machines running C2D processors and AMD dual cores with very few problems. I would recommend the alternate disk though, I had a few issues with the live cd.
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