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View Full Version : [SOLVED] Share Folder outside of Home Directory



QKC
July 9th, 2011, 06:59 PM
Dear members,
I have got 11.04 install on my dell system.The system has got 2 harddisk,all my data is store in the 2nd harddisk.How do I share the folder in the 2nd harddisk.Samba is already install in the system.

Appreciate soonest reply
Thanks

capscrew
July 10th, 2011, 12:34 AM
Dear members,
I have got 11.04 install on my dell system.The system has got 2 harddisk,all my data is store in the 2nd harddisk.How do I share the folder in the 2nd harddisk.Samba is already install in the system.

Appreciate soonest reply
Thanks

You share that folder just like any other folder.

Once the disk (really the partition) is mounted it acts just like the other partitions. Are you using GUI shares or configuring the /etc/samba.smb.conf file to create the share?

QKC
July 11th, 2011, 03:38 AM
Hi Capscrew,
I share the folders using the GUI share but cannot.How do I know if the HDD is mounted?

lmarmisa
July 11th, 2011, 03:52 AM
Your second HDD will be probably not mounted automatically by Ubuntu. Please, open a terminal, type these commands and post the results:



sudo parted -l
sudo blkid
mount
cat /etc/fstab

QKC
July 11th, 2011, 02:14 PM
Hi Imarmisa,
Please see below information as per your request

dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ sudo parted -l
[sudo] password for dell:
Model: ATA WDC WD3200AAKS-7 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 320GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 1049kB 314GB 314GB primary ext4 boot
2 314GB 320GB 6439MB extended
5 314GB 320GB 6439MB logical linux-swap(v1)


Model: ATA WDC WD5000AADS-0 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 500GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: msdos

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
1 32.3kB 500GB 500GB primary ext4


dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$


dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ sudo blkid
/dev/sda1: UUID="aef3a1b7-3b44-4c2a-a39f-68c2edf7aac8" TYPE="ext4"
/dev/sda5: UUID="27bb60cc-31cd-44d0-86b5-e658b2ed2714" TYPE="swap"
/dev/sdb1: LABEL="New Volume" UUID="84a6e4c2-2ad4-4b96-b924-8575279487ae" TYPE="ext4"
dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$

dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ mount
/dev/sda1 on / type ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro,commit=0)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
none on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw)
none on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
none on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620)
none on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
none on /var/run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,mode=0755)
none on /var/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
binfmt_misc on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type binfmt_misc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
gvfs-fuse-daemon on /home/dell/.gvfs type fuse.gvfs-fuse-daemon (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=dell)
dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$

dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ cat /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid -o value -s UUID' to print the universally unique identifier
# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name
# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=aef3a1b7-3b44-4c2a-a39f-68c2edf7aac8 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=27bb60cc-31cd-44d0-86b5-e658b2ed2714 none swap sw 0 0
dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$


Appreciate your reply
Thanks

lmarmisa
July 11th, 2011, 11:44 PM
Hi QKC,

your second hdd is not mounted automatically by Ubuntu at startup.

I recommend to follow this procedure. Open a terminal and type this command:



sudo mkdir /media/MyData
Then edit the file /etc/fstab and add these two lines at the bottom of the file:



sudo gedit /etc/fstab


# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid -o value -s UUID' to print the universally unique identifier
# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name
# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=aef3a1b7-3b44-4c2a-a39f-68c2edf7aac8 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=27bb60cc-31cd-44d0-86b5-e658b2ed2714 none swap sw 0 0
# MyData
UUID=84a6e4c2-2ad4-4b96-b924-8575279487ae /media/MyData ext4 defaults,noatime 0 2
Save & Exit.

Reboot your system. The "New Volume" partition will be mounted on /media/MyData.

You will be able to see your data files there:



ls -l /media/MyData
Tell me if you get some trouble accessing to those files or folders due to permissions or owner:group.

Best regards,

Luis

QKC
July 12th, 2011, 02:32 PM
Hi lmarmisa,
I have done as your advise.When accessing from my window 7 laptop,an error appear.Please see attach file.

Appreciate your help
Thanks

lmarmisa
July 13th, 2011, 12:38 AM
According to your capture, it seems that there is a problem related to user/password logon of Samba.

If you are typing correctly the username and password of your user account in your Ubuntu system, you have to verify that you have followed the correct steps for sharing a folder.

First of all, I recommend to type the command ls -l /media/MyData:



luis@UB1010ENG:~$ ls -l /media/MyData
total 20
drwx------ 2 root root 16384 2011-07-13 00:56 lost+found
drwxrwxrwx 2 luis luis 4096 2011-07-13 01:00 MyPhotos
luis@UB1010ENG:~$


This is an example. You can see here the folder MyPhotos that I am going to share. Important: the user and group of the folder MyPhotos is my user account and group: luis. Therefore I am the owner of the contents of that folder and I have privileges for read/write the files and folders included in MyPhotos. Try to check the owner and group of your shared folder.

The next step is to share the folder. Open Nautilus, go to the folder /media/MyData, select the folder MyPhotos, then right button of mouse and Sharing Options (Fig01).

Tick Share this folder, Allow others to create files in this folders and finally select CreateShare (Fig02).

Finally, I was able to connect to the shared folder from a Windows system without any problem.

Best regards,

Luis

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 03:06 AM
Hi lmarmisa,
I did as you advise but the error still appear.Please see attach files.The folder that I am sharing is Music.

Appreciate your reply

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 03:50 AM
Hi lmarmisa,
I did as you advise but the error still appear.Please see attach files.The folder that I am sharing is Music.

Appreciate your reply

It seems that a different icon is shown in the icon of the folder Music. This is due because you have shared that folder.

Try to check if you are able to connect to the shared folder Music from Ubuntu. Please, open Nautilus, select Network, your computer and finally the folder Music. Ubuntu will ask for your username and password. I attach a capture (your domain will be workgroup).

Tell me if you are able to access successfully to the shared folder from Ubuntu. If so, the problem is limited to Windows 7 (maybe you would need to renew the credentials).

Best regards,

Luis

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 05:03 AM
Hi Imarmisa,
I cannot access the folder after key in the password.When I key in the password,it just jump up to the "Username", unable to key in the password

Thanks

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 05:07 AM
Create a folder named test on the Desktop and try to share it. Tell me if you get the same problems with this other folder.

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 05:16 AM
Hi
Same problem happen on the Test folder

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 05:31 AM
I suppose that you are typing username = dell and its associated password. Are you sure that the password is good?. Do you use the password for login in your account?.

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 06:02 AM
The command smbclient is useful for solving problems related to samba. Type this command:



smbclient '//dell-Vostro-200/test' -U dell
If the samba server is running, the command will ask for a password. If you get an error, please post the result.

I copy here a similar example:



luis@UB1104ENG:~$ smbclient '//UB1104ENG/test' -U luis
Enter luis's password:
Domain=[WORKGROUP] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 3.5.8]
smb: \> quit
luis@UB1104ENG:~$

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 06:20 AM
I suppose that you are typing username = dell and its associated password. Are you sure that the password is good?. Do you use the password for login in your account?.
Hi,
It is the same password when I need to have root access.My system is config to log in automatically when I am doing first installation of 11.04.

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 06:21 AM
The command smbclient is useful for solving problems related to samba. Type this command:



smbclient '//dell-Vostro-200/test' -U dell
If the samba server is running, the command will ask for a password. If you get an error, please post the result.

I copy here a similar example:



luis@UB1104ENG:~$ smbclient '//UB1104ENG/test' -U luis
Enter luis's password:
Domain=[WORKGROUP] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 3.5.8]
smb: \> quit
luis@UB1104ENG:~$

Hi,
I have the below error.

dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ smbclient '//dell-Vostro-200/test' -U dell
Enter dell's password:
session setup failed: NT_STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE
dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$

Thanks

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 06:22 AM
Once the disk (really the partition) is mounted it acts just like the other partitions. Are you using GUI shares or configuring the /etc/samba.smb.conf file to create the share? Try to check if you are able to connect to the shared folder Music from Ubuntu. Please, open Nautilus, select Network, your computer and finally the folder Music. Ubuntu will ask for your username and password. I attach a capture (your domain will be workgroup).
Hi,
Already try that out with error.

Thanks

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 06:33 AM
Hi,
I have the below error.

dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$ smbclient '//dell-Vostro-200/test' -U dell
Enter dell's password:
session setup failed: NT_STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE
dell@dell-Vostro-200:~$

Thanks

Ok. This information is interesting.

How did you install Samba?. Did you install it from the Ubuntu repositories?. Did you install the package system-config-samba?. Have you modified the file /etc/samba/smb.conf?.

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 06:46 AM
Hi
I install Samba through Ubuntu Software Center that is in 11.04.Pls see attach file.In the config,I change only the below,while the rest remain as default.

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = JINQUAN <------ This is the only one I change.

Below is the full config for your checking.

#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
# - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
# differs from the default Samba behaviour
# - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
# behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
# enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.
# A well-established practice is to name the original file
# "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with
# testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf
# This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file
# which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance
# However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested
# "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case
# where using a master file is not a good idea.
#

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = JINQUAN

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
# wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
; wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
dns proxy = no

# What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
# to IP addresses
; name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
; bind interfaces only = yes



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
# syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
# in this server for every user accessing the server. See
# /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
# in the samba-doc package for details.
# security = user

# You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on
# 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
; encrypt passwords = yes

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.
; passdb backend = tdbsam

obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

# Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
# must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
# change the 'domain master' setting to no
#
; domain logons = yes
#
# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
# from the client point of view)
# The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
# samba server (see below)
; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
# logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
; logon drive = H:
# logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
; logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
# SAMR RPC pipe.
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

########## Printing ##########

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
# load printers = yes

# lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
# printcap file
; printing = bsd
; printcap name = /etc/printcap

# CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
# cupsys-client package.
; printing = cups
; printcap name = cups

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
# for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
# SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
# socket options = TCP_NODELAY

# The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
# installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
# working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
# machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
# must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
# domain master = auto

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
; idmap uid = 10000-20000
; idmap gid = 10000-20000
; template shell = /bin/bash

# The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
# but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
# performance issues in large organizations.
# See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
# having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
; winbind enum groups = yes
; winbind enum users = yes

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
; usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
usershare allow guests = yes
username map = /etc/samba/smbusers
security = user
; guest ok = no
; guest account = nobody

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

# Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
# to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
# user's home director as \\server\username
;[homes]
; comment = Home Directories
; browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
; read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
; directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter
# to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
# The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
#
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
; valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

[printers]
comment = All Printers
browseable = no
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
; guest ok = no
; read only = yes
create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
; browseable = yes
; read only = yes
; guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
; write list = root, @lpadmin

# A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
;[cdrom]
; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
; read only = yes
; locking = no
; path = /cdrom
; guest ok = yes

# The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
# cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
# an entry like this:
#
# /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0
#
# The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
#
# If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
# is mounted on /cdrom
#
; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom

lmarmisa
July 16th, 2011, 11:43 AM
I think that your problem is due to the package system-config-samba that does not match very well with the shared folder management of Nautilus.

I recommend to uninstall completely the packages samba and system-config-samba and then try to share the folder Music again. In this case, Ubuntu will install automatically the samba packages needed for the management of the shared folders and your problem will be fixed.

Best regards,

Luis

QKC
July 16th, 2011, 11:54 AM
Hi Imarmisa,
Okay.Have done it.Copy,cut and paste function is all working well.Thank you very much.