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0per4t0r
December 2nd, 2010, 02:38 AM
I recently installed Ubuntu 10.04 dual-boot on my laptop as a dual-boot with Windows Vista. I wanted to manually repartition, but gParted could not shrink my partition, and it had a yellow caution sign with an exclamation point on it next to my windows partition, and i had no internet access at the time, so i just popped in the cd, and let ubuntu do the partitioning for me..
Since it couldn't shrink my windows partition, it took a decent 18GB chunk out of my recovery partition, but there was still a reasonable amount of space left. But, after using ubuntu for a while, and trying to boot into Windows, it kept restarting on startup, and I couldn't use windows. I tried running ntfsresize to fix it, which fixed the gParted problem, and allowed me to repartition to my preferences, but the booting problem still existed. I eventually ended up creating a program to run in terminal with this output (ntfsfix with the check and repair partition commands from gParted):

sudo ntfsfix /dev/sda1
sudo ntfsresize -P -i -f -v /dev/sda1
sudo ntfsresize -P --force /dev/sda1 --no-action
sudo ntfsresize -P --force /dev/sda1 (yes, i know all the sudos aren't necessary, but one or more of those commands wouldn't run correctly without root privileges)
I just added that to my main menu, and i had to unmount my vista partition (if it was already mounted) and run the program, which temporarily fixed the booting problem for the next windows startup, but i had to boot up ubuntu and run that program every time i want to start Vista, which is very irritating. I am aware that there is another thread explaining how to fix the same problem (http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-398122.html), but nothing in it helped me.

Here's my specs for my laptop:
Compaq Presario CQ50-107NR
AMD Athlon X2 QL-60 Dual Core
500GB Hard Disk: 292.97 GiB Vista, 31.25 GiB recovery, 131.97 GiB Ubuntu, 9.08 GiB linux-swap (Yes, i have an unnecessarily large amount of swap) Unallocated 502.03 MiB

Currently, my Vista partition has an orange warning sign next to it again.

wilee-nilee
December 2nd, 2010, 03:33 AM
Run a chkdsk /r on the vista and do this.

So from a booted live Ubuntu cd or thumbdrive lets see the bootscript read out; in my signature just click on it and follow the instructions. Come back to the thread and click on the # in the reply panel this makes code tags paste all the text in between.

0per4t0r
December 2nd, 2010, 05:23 PM
#!/bin/bash
VERSION=0.55
DATE="February 15th, 2010"
#to use this script:
#
# sudo bash boot_info_script055.sh
#or
# su -
# bash boot_info_script055.sh
#
#
### last-modified
#
#author Ulrich Meierfrankenfeld (aka meierfra.)
# with contributions from caljohnsmith
# (both members of ubuntuforums.org)
# and Gert Hulselmans
#
#hosted at: http://sourceforge.net/projects/bootinfoscript/
#
#The birth of the boot info script:
# http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=837791
#
#Looks at all MBRs and identifies the boot loader.
# For Grub and Supergrub: displays the controlling partition.
# If the MBR is unknown, displays the whole MBR.
#Looks at all partitions:
# Determines their type
# Identifies their boot sectors.
# For grub: displays the controlling partition and the offset
# of the stage2 file as recorded in the boot sector.
# For NTFS and Fat, examines the Boot Parameter Block for errors.
# Identifies the operating system
# Lists boot programs.
# Displays the partition table
# Displays "blkid -c /dev/null"
# Finds boot directories and displays their contents.
# Looks in "/" and "NST" for bootpart codes and displays the offset
# and boot drive it is trying to chainload
# Looks on "/" and "/NST" for stage1 files and displays the offset
# and bootdrive of the stage 2 files is trying to chainload.
# Displays boot configuration files.
# Is able to search LVM partitions if the LVM2 package is install
# ("apt-get install lvm2" in debian based distros)
# Is able to search Linux Software Raid partitions (MD Raids) if
# the "mdadm" package is installed.
# If dmraid is installed, searches all raid drives, detected by dmraid.
#All information is written to the file "RESULTS.txt" in the
# same folder as the script. But when run from /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin,
# or other system folder the file "RESULTS.txt" is written to the
# home directory of the user who runs this script.


###### Display version and date of the script when asked:
# ./boot_info_script -v
# ./boot_info_script -V
# ./boot_info_script --version
if [ x"$1" = x'-v' ] || [ x"$1" = x'-V' ] || [ x"$1" = x'--version' ] ;
then
echo "boot_info_script version $VERSION"
echo "Dated , $DATE"
exit 0
fi


###### Check if all necessary programs are available

Programs="
awk
basename
blkid
cat
dd
dirname
expr
fdisk
filefrag
fold
grep
hexdump
losetup
ls
mkdir
mount
pwd
rm
sed
sort
umount
wc
whoami"

Check_Prog=1;

for Program in $Programs ; do

if ! type $Program > /dev/null 2>&1 ; then
echo \"$Program\" could not be found. >&2
Check_Prog=0;
fi
done

if [ $Check_Prog -eq 0 ];
then
echo "Please install the missing program(s) and run boot_info_script again." >&2
exit 1;
fi;




###### check whether user is root

if [ $(whoami) != "root" ];
then
echo Please use \"sudo\" or become \"root\" to run this script. >&2;
exit 1;
fi;

######## List of folders which might contained files used for chainloading
Boot_Codes_Dir="
/
/NST/
"
################# List of folders whose content will be displayed
################# Since all the important files in these folder are already displayed
################# it doesn't seem necessary to display the contents of these folders.
#Boot_Dir="
# /Boot
# /boot
# /BOOT
# /boot/grub
# /grub
# /ubuntu/disks
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/grub
# /ubuntu/disks/install/boot
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/grub
# /NST
# "


############## List of files whose names will be displayed (if they exists)
Boot_Prog_Normal="
/bootmgr /BOOTMGR
/boot/bcd /BOOT/bcd /Boot/bcd /boot/BCD /BOOT/BCD /Boot/BCD
/Windows/System32/winload.exe /WINDOWS/system32/winload.exe /WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/winload.exe /windows/system32/winload.exe
/Windows/System32/Winload.exe /WINDOWS/system32/Winload.exe /WINDOWS/SYSTEM32/Winload.exe /windows/system32/Winload.exe
/grldr /GRLDR
/ntldr /NTLDR
/NTDETECT.COM /ntdetect.com
/NTBOOTDD.SYS /ntbootdd.sys
/wubildr.mbr /ubuntu/winboot/wubildr.mbr
/wubildr /ubuntu/winboot/wubildr
/ubuntu/disks/root.disk
/ubuntu/disks/home.disk
/ubuntu/disks/swap.disk
/core.img /grub/core.img /boot/grub/core.img
/boot/map /map
/DEFAULT.MNU /default.mnu
/IO.SYS /io.sys
/MSDOS.SYS /msdos.sys
/COMMAND.COM /command.com
"
Boot_Prog_Fat="
/bootmgr
/boot/bcd
/Windows/System32/winload.exe
/grldr
/ntldr
/NTDETECT.COM
/NTBOOTDD.SYS
/wubildr.mbr
/wubildr
/ubuntu/winboot/wubildr
/ubuntu/winboot/wubildr.mbr
/ubuntu/disks/root.disk
/ubuntu/disks/home.disk
/ubuntu/disks/swap.disk
/core.img /grub/core.img /boot/grub/core.img
/boot/map /map
/DEFAULT.MNU
/IO.SYS
/MSDOS.SYS
/COMMAND.COM
"



############### List of files whose contents will be displayed.
Boot_Files_Normal="
/boot/grub/menu.lst /grub/menu.lst /NST/menu.lst /menu.lst
/grub.cfg /grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg
/ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/disks/install/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/winboot/menu.lst
/boot/grub/grub.conf /grub/grub.conf /grub.conf
/boot.ini /BOOT.INI
/etc/fstab
/etc/lilo.conf /lilo.conf
"

Boot_Files_Fat="
/boot/grub/menu.lst /grub/menu.lst /NST/menu.lst /menu.lst
/grub.cfg /grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg
/ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/disks/install/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/winboot/menu.lst
/boot/grub/grub.conf /grub/grub.conf /grub.conf
/boot.ini
/etc/fstab
/etc/lilo.conf /lilo.conf
"

############### List of files whose end point (in GB) will be displayed.
GrubError18_Files="
boot/grub/menu.lst grub/menu.lst menu.lst /NST/menu.lst
ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst
boot/grub/grub.conf grub/grub.conf grub.conf
grub.cfg grub/grub.cfg boot/grub/grub.cfg
core.img grub/core.img boot/grub/core.img
boot/grub/stage2 grub/stage2 stage2
boot/vmlinuz* vmlinuz* ubuntu/disks/boot/vmlinuz*
boot/initrd* initrd* ubuntu/disks/boot/initrd*
boot/kernel*.img
initramfs* boot/initramfs*
"


####### Directory containing the script.

Dir=$(cd "$(dirname "$0")";pwd);

# Set $Dir to the home folder of the current user if the script is in one of the
# system folders
# This allows placement of the script in /bin, /sbin, /usr/bin, ...
# while still having a normal location to write the output file.
for systemdir in /bin /boot /cdrom /dev /etc /lib /lost+found /opt /proc /sbin /selinux /srv /sys /usr /var; do
if [ $(expr "$Dir" : $systemdir) -ne 0 ]; then
Dir="$HOME"
break
fi
done

######## To avoid overwriting existing files, look for a non-existing file
######## RESULT.txt RESULTS1.txt RESULTS2.txt ...

LogFile="${Dir}/RESULTS"
while ( [ -e "${LogFile}${j}.txt" ] )
do
if [ "j" = "" ]; then j=0; fi;
j=$((j+1));
wait;
done
LogFile="${LogFile}${j}.txt" #### The RESULTS file.

###### Redirect stdout to RESULT File
#exec 6>&1
#exec > "$LogFile"

########### Create previously non-existing folder of the form
########## /tmp/BootInfo /tmp/BootInfo1, /tmp/BootInfo2 ...

Folder=/tmp/BootInfo
i=0;
while (! mkdir ${Folder}${i} 2>/dev/null)
do
i=$((i+1));
wait;
done
Folder=${Folder}${i}

cd $Folder
Log=$Folder/Log #File to record the summary.
Log1=$Folder/Log1 # Most of the information which is not part of
#the summary is recorded in this file.
Error_Log=$Folder/Error_Log # File to catch all unusal Standar Errors
Trash=$Folder/Trash # File to catch all usual Standard Errors
# these messagges will not be included in the RESULTS
Mount_Error=$Folder/Mount_Error # File to catch Mounting Errors
Unknown_MBR=$Folder/Unknown_MBR # File to record all unknown MBR and Boot sectors.
Tmp_Log=$Folder/Tmp_Log # File to temporarily hold some information.
PartitionTable=$Folder/PT # File to store the Partition Table
FakeHardDrives=$Folder/FakeHD # File to list devices which seem to have no corresponding drive.
BLKID=$Folder/BLKID # File to store the output of blkid
exec 2>$Error_Log #Redirect all standard error to the file Error_Log

All_Hard_Drives=$(ls /dev/hd? /dev/sd? 2>>$Trash ); ### List of all Hard drives.


if type dmraid >>$Trash 2>>$Trash;
then
InActiveDMRaid=$(dmraid -si -c);
if [ "$InActiveDMRaid" = "no raid disks" ];
then
InActiveDMRaid="";
fi;
if [ "$InActiveDMRaid" != "" ];
then
dmraid -ay $InActiveDMRaid >>$Trash;
fi;
if [ "$(dmraid -sa -c)" != "no raid disks" ];
then
All_DMRaid=$(dmraid -sa -c|awk '{print "/dev/mapper/"$0}');
All_Hard_Drives=${All_Hard_Drives}" "${All_DMRaid};
fi;
fi;

####Arrays to hold information about Partitions: name, starting sector, ending sector, size in sector, Partition Type, Filesystem typ, UUID, Kind(Logical, Primary, Extended), HardDrive, boot flag, parent (for logical partitions), label, system(the partition id according the partition table), the device associate to the partition.

declare -a NamesArray StartArray EndArray SizeArray TypeArray FileArray UUIDArray KindArray DriveArray BootArray ParentArray LabelArray SystemArray DeviceArray


#####Arrays to hold information about the harddrives.
declare -a HDName FirstPartion LastPartition HDSize HDMBR HDHead HDTrack HDCylinder HDPT HDStart HDEnd HDUUID;

####Array for Hard drives formated as Filesystem
declare -a FilesystemDrives;


PI=-1 ## Counter for the identification number of a partition. (each partition gets unique number)
HI=0 ## Counter for the identification number of a hard drive. (each hard drive gets unique number)
PTFormat='%-10s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %s\n'; ### standard format to use for Partition table,


#### fdisk -s seems to malfunction sometimes. So use sfdisk -s if available
function fdisks (){
if type sfdisk >>$Trash 2>>$Trash
then
sfdisk -s "$1" 2>>$Trash;
else
fdisk -s "$1" 2>>$Trash;
fi;
}



##### A function which checks whether a file is on a mounted partition
MountPoints=$(mount | grep -e ^/dev |awk '{print $3}' |grep -v ^/$); ##list of mountpoints for devices

function FileNotMounted (){
local File=$1 curmp=$2;
for mp in $MountPoints;
do
if [ $(expr match "$File" "$mp""/" ) -ne 0 ] && [ "$mp" != "$curmp" ]
then
return 1;
fi;
done;
return 0;
}

##### A function which converts the two digit hexcode of a partition type
# The following list is taken from sfdisk -T and
# http://www.win.tue.nl/~aeb/partitions/partition_types-1.html
# work in progress
function HexToSystem () {
local type=$1 system
case $type in
0) system="Empty";;
1) system="FAT12";;
2) system="XENIX root";;
3) system="XENIX usr";;
4) system="FAT16 <32M";;
5) system="Extended";;
6) system="FAT16";;
7) system="HPFS/NTFS";;
8) system="AIX";;
9) system="AIX bootable";;
a) system="OS/2 Boot Manager";;
b) system="W95 FAT32";;
c) system="W95 FAT32 (LBA)";;
e) system="W95 FAT16 (LBA)";;
f) system="W95 Ext d (LBA)";;
10) system="OPUS";;
11) system="Hidden FAT12";;
12) system="Compaq diagnostics";;
14) system="Hidden FAT16 <32M";;
16) system="Hidden FAT16";;
17) system="Hidden HPFS/NTFS";;
18) system="AST SmartSleep";;
1b) system="Hidden W95 FAT32";;
1c) system="Hidden W95 FAT32 (LBA)";;
1e) system="Hidden W95 FAT16 (LBA)";;
24) system="NEC DOS";;
27) system="Hidden HPFS/NTFS";;
32) system="NOS";;
35) system="JFS on OS2";;
38) system="Theos";;
39) system="Plan 9";;
3a) system="Theos";;
3b) system="Theos Extended";;
3c) system="PartitionMagic recovery";;
40) system="Venix 80286";;
41) system="PPC PReP Boot";;
42) system="SFS";;
45) system="Boot-US boot manager";;
4d) system="QNX4.x";;
4e) system="QNX4.x 2nd part";;
4f) system="QNX4.x 3rd part";;
50) system="OnTrack DM";;
51) system="OnTrack DM6 Aux1";;
52) system="CP/M";;
53) system="OnTrack DM6 Aux3";;
54) system="OnTrackDM6";;
55) system="EZ-Drive";;
56) system="Golden Bow";;
5c) system="Priam Edisk";;
61) system="SpeedStor";;
63) system="GNU HURD or SysV";;
64) system="Novell Netware 286";;
65) system="Novell Netware 386";;
70) system="DiskSecure Multi-Boot";;
75) system="PC/IX";;
80) system="Old Minix";;
81) system="Minix / old Linux";;
82) system="Linux swap / Solaris";;
83) system="Linux";;
84) system="OS/2 hidden C: drive";;
85) system="Linux extended";;
86) system="NTFS volume set";;
87) system="NTFS volume set";;
88) system="Linux plaintext";;
8e) system="Linux LVM";;
93) system="Amoeba/Accidently Hidden Linux";;
94) system="Amoeba BBT";;
9f) system="BSD/OS";;
a0) system="IBM Thinkpad hibernation";;
a5) system="FreeBSD";;
a6) system="OpenBSD";;
a7) system="NeXTSTEP";;
a8) system="Darwin UFS";;
a9) system="NetBSD";;
ab) system="Darwin boot";;
af) system="HFS";;
b0) sytem="Boot Star";;
b1 | b2 | b3 | b4 | b6) system="SpeedStor";;
b7) system="BSDI fs";;
b8) system="BSDI swap";;
bb) system="Boot Wizard hidden";;
bc) system="Acronis BackUp";;
be) system="Solaris boot";;
bf) system="Solaris";;
c0) system="CTOS";;
c1) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-12)";;
c2) system="Hidden Linux/PowerBoot";;
c3) system="Hidden Linux Swap /PowerBoot";;
c4) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-16 < 32M)";;
c6) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-16)";;
c7) system="Syrinx";;
cb) system="DR-DOS FAT32 (CHS)";;
cc) system="DR-DOS FAT32 (LBA)";;
cd) system="CTOS Memdump?";;
ce) system="DR-DOS FAT16X (LBA)";;
cf) system=" DR-DOS EXT DOS (LBA)";;
d0) system=" REAL/32 secure big partition";;
da) system="Non-FS data";;
db) system="CP/M / CTOS / ...";;
dd) system="Dell Media Direct";;
de) system="Dell Utility";;
df) system="BootIt";;
e1) system="DOS access";;
e3) system="DOS R/O";;
e4) system="SpeedStor";;
eb) system="BeOS fs";;
ee) system="GPT";;
ef) system="EFI (FAT-12/16/32)";;
f0) system="Linux/PA-RISC boot";;
f1) system="SpeedStor";;
f4) system="SpeedStor";;
f2) system="DOS secondary";;
fb) system="VMware VMFS";;
fc) system="VMware VMKCORE";;
fd) system="Linux raid autodetect";;
fe) system="LANstep";;
ff) system="BBT";;
*) system="Unknown";;
esac;
echo $system;
}

##### Function to convert GPT's Partition Type.
#### ABCDEFGH-IJKL-MNOP-QRST-UVWXYZabcdef is stored as
#### GHEFCDAB-KLIJ-OPMN-QRST-UVWXYZabcdef (without the dashes)
function UUIDToSystem() {
local type=$1 system
case $type in
00000000000000000000000000000000) system="Empty";;
41ee4d02e733d3119d690008c781f39f) system="MBR partition scheme";;
28732ac11ff8d211ba4b00a0c93ec93b) system="System/Boot Partition";;
a2a0d0ebe5b9334487c068b6b72699c7) system="Linux or Data";;
6dfd5706aba4c44384e50933c84b4f4f) system="Linux Swap";;
16e3c9e35c0bb84d817df92df00215ae) system="Microsoft Windows";;
79d3d6e607f5c244a23c238f2a3df928) system="LVM";;
005346480000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system="HFS+";;
4861682149646f6e744e656564454649) system="Bios Boot Partition";;
*) system="-";
echo Unknown GPT Partiton Type>>$Unknown_MBR;
echo $type >>$Unknown_MBR;;
esac;
echo $system;
}

##### Function which insert a comma every third digit of a number
function InsertComma () {
echo $1 |sed -e :a -e 's/\(.*[0-9]\)\([0-9]\{3\}\)/\1,\2/;ta'
}

##### Function to read 4 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert to decimal.
function Read4Bytes () {
echo $(hexdump -v -s $1 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $2);
}

##### Function to read 8 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert to decimal.
function Read8Bytes () {
local start=$1 device=$2;
local first4 second4;
first4=$(hexdump -v -s $start -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $device);
second4=$(hexdump -v -s $((start+4)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $device);
echo $((second4*1073741824+first4));
}

#### Functions to pretty print blkid output ######
BlkidFormat='%-16s %-38s %-10s %-30s\n'
BlkidTag (){
echo $(blkid -c /dev/null -s $2 -o value $1 2>>$Trash)
}

PrintBlkid (){
local part=$1;
if [ "$(blkid -c /dev/null $part 2>$Tmp_Log)" != "" ];
then
printf "$BlkidFormat" "$part" "$(BlkidTag $part UUID)" "$(BlkidTag $part TYPE)" "$(BlkidTag $part LABEL)">>$BLKID;
else blkid -p "$part" 2>&1 |grep "$part" >>$BLKID; #blkid -p is not avaible all all systems. This contructs makes sure the "usage" message is not displayed, but catches the "ambivalent" error.
fi;
}


## Reads and display the a partition table of an extended partitons ###########
############# and check the partition check for errors #####################
# This function can be applied iteratively to read the extended partiton table
# Variable 1: HI of hard drive
# Variable 2: Start Sector of the extended Partition,
# Variable 3: Number of partitions in table (4 for regular PT, 2 for logical
# Variable 4: File for storing the partitions table.
# Variable 5: Format to use for displaying the partition table.
# Variable 6: PI of the primary extended partition containing the extended partition.
# ( equals "" for hard drive)
# Variable 7: Last Linux Index assigned (the number in sdXY).

ReadPT (){
local HI=$1 StartEx=$2 N=$3 PT_file=$4 format=$5 EPI=$6 Base_Sector
local LinuxIndex=$7 boot size start end type drive system;
local i=0 boot_hex label limit MBRSig
drive=${HDName[$HI]};
limit=${HDSize[$HI]};
$(dd if=$drive skip=$StartEx of=$Tmp_Log count=1 2>>$Trash);
MBRSig=$(hexdump -v -s 510 -n 2 -e '"%x"' $Tmp_Log);
[[ "$MBRSig" != "aa55" ]] && echo Invalid MBR Signature found >> $PT_file;
if [[ $StartX -lt $limit ]];
then # set Base_Sector to 0 for HardDrive, and to the start
# sector of primary extended partition otherwise
[[ "$EPI" = "" ]] && Base_Sector=0 || Base_Sector=${StartArray[$EPI]}
for (( i=0; i < N; i++ ));
do
$(dd if=$drive skip=$StartEx of=$Tmp_Log count=1 2>>$Trash);
boot_hex=$(hexdump -v -s $((446+16*i)) -n 1 -e '"%02x"' $Tmp_Log)
case $boot_hex in
00) boot=" ";;
80) boot="* ";;
*) boot="?";;
esac;
start=$(hexdump -v -s $((454+16*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $Tmp_Log);
size=$(hexdump -v -s $((458+16*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $Tmp_Log);
type=$(hexdump -v -s $((450+16*i)) -n 1 -e '4 "%x"' $Tmp_Log);
if [[ $size != 0 ]];
then
if [[ ( "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ) && $Base_Sector != 0 ]];
then
start=$((start+Base_Sector)) #start sector of an extended partition is
# relative to the start sector of an primary extended partition.
if [[ $i = 0 ]];
then
echo "Extended partition linking to another extended partition" >>$PT_file;
fi;
ReadPT $HI $start 2 $PT_file "$format" $EPI $LinuxIndex;
else
((PI++))
if [[ "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ]];
then
KindArray[$PI]="E";
else
start=$((start+StartEx)); #Start sector of a logical partition is
# relative to the start sector of directly assocated extented partition.
[[ $Base_Sector = 0 ]] && KindArray[$PI]="P" || KindArray[$PI]="L";
fi;
LinuxIndex=$((LinuxIndex+1));
end=$((start+size-1));
[[ "${HDPT[$HI]}" = "BootIt" ]] && label="${NamesArray[$EPI]}""_" || label=$drive;
system=$(HexToSystem $type)

printf "$format" "$label$LinuxIndex" "$boot" $(InsertComma $start) "$(InsertComma $end)" "$(InsertComma $size)" "$type" "$system" >> $PT_file;
NamesArray[$PI]="$label"$LinuxIndex;
StartArray[$PI]=$start;
EndArray[$PI]=$end;
TypeArray[$PI]=$type;
SystemArray[$PI]="$system";
SizeArray[$PI]=$size;
BootArray[$PI]="$boot";
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;
ParentArray[$PI]=$EPI;
( [[ "$EPI" = "" ]] || [[ ${DeviceArray[$EPI]} != "" ]] ) && DeviceArray[$PI]=$drive$LinuxIndex;

if [[ "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ]];
then
ReadPT $HI $start 2 $PT_file "$format" $PI 4;
fi;
fi;

elif [[ $Base_Sector != 0 && $i = 0 ]];
then
echo "Empty Partition">>$PT_file;
else
LinuxIndex=$((LinuxIndex+1));
fi;
done;
else
echo "EBR refers to a location outside the Hard drive" >>$PT_file;
fi;
}
############### Read partition table of type GPT (GUID, EFI)##########################
###### Variable 1: HI of hard drive
###### Variable 2: File to store the PartitionTable
function ReadEFI() {
local HI=$1 drive file=$2 Size N=0 i=0 format Label PRStart Start End Type Size System;
drive="${HDName[$HI]}";
format='%-10s %14s%14s%14s %s\n';
printf "$format" Partition Start End Size System >> $file;
HDStart[$HI]=$(Read8Bytes 552 $drive);
HDEnd[$HI]=$(Read8Bytes 560 $drive);
HDUUID[$HI]=$(hexdump -v -s 568 -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' $drive);
PRStart=$(Read8Bytes 584 $drive);
N=$(Read4Bytes 592 $drive);
PRStart=$((PRStart*512));
PRSize=$(Read4Bytes 596 $drive);
for (( i = 0; i< N; i++ ))
do
Type=$(hexdump -v -s $((PRStart+PRSize*i)) -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' $drive);
if [ "$Type" != "00000000000000000000000000000000" ];
then
((PI++))
Start=$(Read8Bytes $((PRStart+32+PRSize*i)) $drive);
End=$(Read8Bytes $((PRStart+40+PRSize*i)) $drive);
Size=$((End-Start+1));
System=$(UUIDToSystem $Type);
Label=$drive$((i+1));
printf "$format" "$Label" "$(InsertComma $Start)" "$(InsertComma $End)" "$(InsertComma $Size)" "$System" >>$file;
NamesArray[$PI]=$Label;
DeviceArray[$PI]=$Label;
StartArray[$PI]=$Start;
TypeArray[$PI]=$Type;
SizeArray[$PI]=$Size;
SystemArray[$PI]=$System;
EndArray[$PI]=$End;
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;
KindArray[$PI]="P";
ParentArray[$PI]="";
fi;
done;
}

############### Read the Master Partition Table of BootIt NG##########################
###### Variable 1: HI of hard drive
###### Variable 2: File to store the MPT.
function ReadEMBR() {
local HI=$1 drive MPT_file=$2 Size N=0 i=0 BINGIndex Label Start End Type BINGUnknown format Size System StoredPI FirstPI=FirstPartition[$1] LastPI=$PI New;
drive="${HDName[$HI]}";
format='%-18s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %-15s %3s %2s\n';
printf "$format" Partition Boot Start End Size Id System Ind "?">> $MPT_file;
N=$(hexdump -v -s 534 -n 1 -e '"%u"' $drive);
while [[ $i -lt "$N" ]]
do
New=1;
BINGUnknown=$(hexdump -v -s $((541+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive)
Start=$(hexdump -v -s $((542+28*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $drive);
End=$(hexdump -v -s $((546+28*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $drive);
BINGIndex=$(hexdump -v -s $((550+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%u"' $drive);
Type=$(hexdump -v -s $((551+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive);
Size=$((End-Start+1));
Label=$(hexdump -v -s $((552+28*i)) -n 15 -e '"%_u"' $drive| sed -e s/nul[^$]*//);
System=$(HexToSystem $Type);
printf "$format" "$Label" "-" "$(InsertComma $Start)" "$(InsertComma $End)" "$(InsertComma $Size)" "$Type" "$System" "$BINGIndex" "$BINGUnknown">>$MPT_file;
StoredPI=$PI;
for ((j = FirstPI; j<=LastPI; j++ ));
do
if (( ${StartArray[$j]} == $Start ));
then
PI=$j;
New=0;
break;
fi;
done;

if (( $New == 1 ));
then
((PI++));
StoredPI=$PI;
StartArray[$PI]=$Start;
TypeArray[$PI]=$Type;
SizeArray[$PI]=$Size;
SystemArray[$PI]=$System;
EndArray[$PI]=$End;
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;
fi;
NamesArray[$PI]=$Label;

if [[ $Type = "f" || $Type = "5" ]];
then
KindArray[$PI]="E";
ParentArray[$PI]=$PI;
ReadPT $HI $Start 2 $MPT_file "$format" $PI 4 ;
else
KindArray[$PI]="P";
ParentArray[$PI]="";
fi;
PI=$StoredPI;
((i++));
done;
}

################# Check partition table for errors ################################
###
### This function checks whether any two partitions overlap
### and the logical partitions are inside the extended partition.
### Variable 1: PI of First partition to consider
### Variable 2: PI of Last Partition to consider
### Variable 3: File for the error messages.
### Variable 4: HI of containing hard drive
CheckPT () {
local first=$1 last=$2 file=$3; hi=$4;
local Si Ei Sj Ej Ki Kj i j k cyl track head cyl_bound sec_bound
cyl=${HDCylinder[$hi]};
track=${HDTrack[$hi]};
head=${HDHead[$hi]};
cyl_bound=$((cyl*track*head));
sec_bound=${HDSize[$hi]};
for (( i=$first; i <= last; i++ ));
do
Si=${StartArray[$i]};
Ei=${EndArray[$i]};
Ki=${KindArray[$i]};
Ni=${NamesArray[$i]};
if [[ "$Ei" -gt "$sec_bound" ]];
then
echo $Ni ends after the last sector of ${HDName[$hi]}>>$file;
elif [[ "$Ei" -gt "$cyl_bound" ]]
then
echo $Ni ends after the last cylinder of ${HDName[$hi]}>>$Trash;
fi;
if [[ $Ki = "L" ]];
then
k=${ParentArray[$i]};
Sk=${StartArray[$k]};
Ek=${EndArray[$k]};
Nk=${NamesArray[$k]};
[[ $Si -le $Sk || $Ei -gt $Ek ]] && echo the logical partition $Ni is not contained in the extended partition $Nk>>$file;
fi;
for (( j = i+1; j <= last; j++ ));
do
Sj=${StartArray[$j]};
Ej=${EndArray[$j]};
Kj=${KindArray[$j]};
Nj=${NamesArray[$j]};
[[ !( ( $Ki = "L" && $Kj = "E" ) || ( $Ki = "E" && $Kj = "L" ) ) && ( ( $Si -lt $Sj && $Sj -lt $Ei ) || ($Sj -lt $Si && $Si -lt $Ej ) )]] && echo $Ni overlaps with $Nj >>$file;
done;
done
}

################################################## ###########################################
########## Determine the embeded location of stage 2 in a stage 1 file,
########## look for the stage 2 and, if found, determine the
#########$ the location and the path of the embedded menu.lst

stage2_loc (){
local stage1=$1 hi;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $stage1 2>>$Trash);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 64 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $stage1);
pa="T"
Grub_Version="";
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
hdd=${HDName[$hi]};
if [ $offset -lt ${HDSize[hi]} ];
then
tmp=$(dd if=$hdd skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%x"');
if [[ "$tmp" = 3be5652 || "$tmp" = bf5e5652 ]]; ### If stage2 files was found.
then
dd if=$hdd skip=$((offset+1)) count=1 of=$Tmp_Log 2>>$Trash;
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 10 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $Tmp_Log);
stage2_hdd=$hdd;
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 18 -n 94 -e '"%_u"' $Tmp_Log);
Grub_Version=$(echo $Grub_String|sed -e s/nul[^$]*//);
BL=$BL$Grub_Version;
menu=$(echo $Grub_String |sed -e s/[^\/]*// -e s/nul[^$]*//);
menu=${menu%% *};
fi;
fi;
done;
dr=$((dr-127))
Stage2_Msg=$(echo looks at sector $offset )
if [ "$dr" = 128 ];
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg of the same hard drive)
else
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg on boot drive \#$dr)
fi;
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg for the stage2 file);

if [ "$pa" = "T" ] #### no stage 2 file found.
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg, but no stage2 files can be found at this location.);
else
pa=$((pa+1))
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg. A stage2 file is at this location on $stage2_hdd. Stage2 looks on )
if [ "$pa" = 256 ];
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg the same partition)
else
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg partition \#$pa )
fi;
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg for $menu.)
fi;
}
################################################## #####################################

################################################## ###########################################
########## Determine the embeded location of core.img for a Grub2 boot.img file,
########## look for the core.img and, the path of the Grub Folder.
################################################## ###########################

core_loc (){
local stage1=$1 grub2_version=$2 hi offset_loc dr_loc dir_loc;
case $grub2_version in
1.96) offset_loc=68; dr_loc=76; dir_loc=32;;
1.97) offset_loc=92; dr_loc=91; dir_loc=28;;
esac;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s $offset_loc -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' "$stage1" 2>>$Trash);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s $dr_loc -n 1 -e '"%d"' "$stage1");
pa="T"
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
hdd=${HDName[$hi]};
if [ $offset -lt ${HDSize[hi]} ];
then
tmp=$(dd if="$hdd" skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%x"');
if [ "$tmp" = 1bbe5652 ]; ### If conf.img file was found.
then
dd if=$hdd skip=$((offset+1)) count=1 of=$Tmp_Log 2>>$Trash;
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 20 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $Tmp_Log);
core_hdd=$hdd;
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s $dir_loc -n 64 -e '"%_u"' $Tmp_Log);
Core_Dir=$(echo $Grub_String | sed s/nul[^$]*//);
fi;
fi;
done;
Core_Msg=$(echo looks at sector $offset of the same hard drive for core.img)

if [ "$pa" = "T" ]
then #### core.img not found.
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg, but core.img can not be found at this location.);
else #### core.img found.
pa=$((pa+1))
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg, core.img is at this location on $core_hdd and looks )
if [ "$pa" = 255 ];
then
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg for $Core_Dir.)
else
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg on partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)
fi;

fi;
}
################################################## #####################################

############### Get_Partition_Info search a partition for information relevant for booting.
####Variables:
#### log $1 local version of RESULT.txt#### log1 $2 local version of log1
#### part $3 device for the partition
#### name $4 descriptive name for the partition
#### mountname $5 path where partition will be mounted.
### kind $6 kind of the partition
### start $7 starting sector of the partition
### end $8 ending sector of the partition
### system $9 system of the partition
### pi $10 pi of the partition, (equal to "" if not a regular partition.
Get_Partition_Info(){
local Log="$1" Log1="$2" part="$3" name="$4" mountname="$5" kind="$6" start="$7" end="$8" system="$9" pi="${10}";
local size=$((end-start)) BST="" BSI="" BFI="" OS="" BootFiles="";


echo "Searching $name for information... ";
PrintBlkid $part;
type=$(BlkidTag $part TYPE); ##### type of file system according to blkid

[[ "$system" == "Bios Boot Partition" ]] && type="Bios Boot Partition"
[[ $pi != "" ]] && FileArray[$pi]=$type;
echo "$name: __________________________________________________ _______________________" >>"$Log"; echo>> "$Log"
mkdir -p "$mountname" #### Directory where the partition will be mounted.
if [[ "$kind" = "E" && "$type" = "" ]] ; #### Check for extended partion.
then
type="Extended Partition";
cat $Tmp_Log>>$Trash; ### Don't display the error message from blkid for extended partition
else
cat $Tmp_Log>>$Error_Log
fi;
echo " File system: "$type>>"$Log"; ### Display the File System Type


Bytes8081=$(hexdump -v -s 128 -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $part) #### Use bytes 0x80,81 to idendtify Boot sectors
case $Bytes8081 in
10f) BST="HP Recovery";;
19d) BST="BSD4.4: Fat32";;
211) BST="Dell Utility: Fat16";;
734) BST=Dos_1.0;;
745) BST="Vista: Fat 32";;
89e) BST="MSDOS5.0: Fat 16";;
8cd) BST="Windows XP";;
488) BST="Grub 2's core.img";;
b60) BST="Dell Utility: Fat16";;
bd0) BST="MSWIN4.1: Fat 32";;
e00) BST="Dell Utility: Fat16";;
2d5e) BST=Dos_1.1;;
3a5e) BST="Recovery:Fat 32";;
4445) BST="DEll Restore: Fat32";;
55aa) BST="Windows Vista/7";;
55cd) BST="Fat32";;
6616) BST=Fat16;;
696e) BST=Fat16;;
6974) BST="BootIt: Fat16";;
6f65) BST="BootIt: Fat16";;
6f74) BST=Fat32;;
6f6e) BST="-";; #MSWIN4.1: Fat 32"
7815) BST=Fat32;;
7cc6) BST="MSWIN4.1: Fat 32";;
# 7cc6) BST=Win_98;;
8a56) BST="Acronis SZ: Fat32";;
8ec0) BST="Windows XP";;
8ed0) BST="DEll Recovery: Fat32";;
b6d1) BST="Windows XP: Fat32";;
e2f7) BST="Fat32, Non Bootable";;
e9d8) BST="Windows Vista/7";;
fa33) BST="Windows XP";;
####### if Grub, Grub 2 or Lilo is in the boot sector, ########
####### investigate the embedded information ########
48b4) BST="Grub 1.96";
core_loc $part 1.96;
BSI=$(echo $BSI Grub 1.96 is installed in the boot sector of $name and $Core_Msg);;
7c3c) BST="Grub 2";
core_loc $part 1.97;
BSI=$(echo $BSI Grub 2 is installed in the boot sector of $name and $Core_Msg);;
aa75 | 5272) BST=Grub;
stage2_loc $part;
BSI=$(echo $BSI Grub $Grub_Version is installed in the boot sector of $name and $Stage2_Msg);;
############# If Lilo look for map file ##############################################
8053) BST=LILO;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part); ### 0x20-23 contains the offset
##### of /boot/map
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "LILO is installed in boot sector of $part and looks at sector $offset of $drive for the \"map\" file,);
if [ $offset -lt $size ]; ### check whether offset
#### is on the had drive.
then
tmp=$(dd if=$drive skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -s 508 -n 4 -e '"%_p"');
if [[ "$tmp" = "LILO" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "and the \"map\" file was found at this location.);
else
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.);
fi;
else
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.);
fi;;
################################################## #######################################
00) sig2=$(hexdump -v -s 128 -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $part)
if [ "$sig2" = 00 ]; #### If the first two bytes are zero, the boot sector does not contain any boot loader.
then
BST="-";
else ###### Otherwise, display the boot sector, so we that we might identify it and add it to the list of known boot sectors.
BST="Unknown"
echo "Unknown BootLoader on $name" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -n 512 -C $part >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
fi;;
*) BST="Unknown"
echo "Unknown BootLoader on $name" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -n 512 -C $part >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
esac;
###################### Display the boot sector type.
echo " Boot sector type: "$BST>>"$Log"

####################### Investigate the Boot Parameter Block of an NTFS partition.

if [[ "$type" = "ntfs" ]]
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part);
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 40 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part)
Comp_Size=$(( (BPB_Part_Size - size)/256 ))
SectorsPerCluster=$(hexdump -v -s 13 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 48 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Sector=$(( MFT_Cluster * SectorsPerCluster ));
# Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of sectors per track.
# Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of heads
# if [[ "$Heads" != 255 || "$Track" != 63 ]]
# then
# BSI=$(echo $BSI" "Geometry: $Heads Heads and $Track sectors per Track.)
# fi;
if [[ "$MFT_Sector" -lt "$size" ]];
then
MFT_FILE=$(dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');
else
MFT_FILE="";
fi;
MFT_Mirr_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 56 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Mirr_Sector=$(( MFT_Mirr_Cluster * SectorsPerCluster ));
if [[ "$MFT_Mirr_Sector" -lt "$size" ]];
then
MFT_Mirr_FILE=$(dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Mirr_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');

else
MFT_Mirr_FILE="";
fi;
if [[ "$offset" = "$start" && "$MFT_FILE" = "FILE" && "$MFT_Mirr_FILE" = "FILE" && "$Comp_Size" = "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.);
else
if [[ "$offset" != "$start" ]]
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name starts at sector $offset.)
if [[ "$offset" != "63" && "$offset" != "2048" && "offset" != "0" || "$kind" != "L" ]]
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "But according to the info from fdisk, $name starts at sector $start.);
fi;
fi;
if [[ "$MFT_FILE" != "FILE" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "The info in boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT is wrong.);
echo MFT Sector of $name >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR
dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash| hexdump -C >>$Unknown_MBR;
fi;
if [[ "$MFT_Mirr_FILE" != "FILE" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "The info in the boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT Mirror is wrong.);
fi;

if [[ "$Comp_Size" != "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name has $BPB_Part_Size sectors, but according to the info from fdisk, it has $size sectors.);
fi;
fi;
fi;

######################## Investigate the Boot Parameter Block (BPB)of some Fat partitions
##### Identifies Fat Bootsectors which are used for booting.

## if [[ "$Bytes8081" = "7cc6" || "$Bytes8081" = "7815" || "$Bytes8081" = "B6D1" || "$Bytes8081" = "7405" || "$Bytes8081" = "6974" || "$Bytes8081" = "bd0" || "$Bytes8081" = "89e" ]] ;

if [[ "$type" = "vfat" ]];
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%d\n"' $part); #### Starting sector the partition according to BPP
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part); ### Partition Size in sectors accoring to BPB
Comp_Size=$(( (BPB_Part_Size - size)/256 )) ### This number will be unequal to zero if the two partions size differ by more than 255 sectors.
#Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of sectors per track.
#Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of heads
#if [[ "$Heads" != 255 || "$Track" != 63 ]] ### Checks for an usual geometry.
#then
# BSI=$(echo $BSI" "Geometry: $Heads Heads and $Track sectors per Track.) ### Report unusal geometry
#fi;
if [[ "$offset" = "$start" && "$Comp_Size" = "0" ]]; ### Check whether Partitons starting sector and the Partition Size of BPB and fdisk agree.
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.); ##If they agreee
else ###### if they don't agree
if [[ "$offset" != "$start" ]] ### if partition starting sector disagree
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name starts at sector $offset.) ### display the starting sector accoding to BPB
if [[ "$offset" != "63" && "$offset" != "2048" || "$kind" != "L" ]] ### check whether partition is logcial partition and starting sector is a 63.
then ### if not, display starting sector according to fdisk.
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "But according to the info from fdisk, $name starts at sector $start.);
fi; ### If not, don't display. (This is quite common occurence, and only matters if one tries to boot Windows from a logical partition. So I decided not to display a warning message in this case.
fi;
#### If Partition sizes from BPB and FDISK differ by more than 255 sector, display both sizes.
if [[ "$Comp_Size" != "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name has $BPB_Part_Size sectors.)
if [[ "$BPB_Part_Size" != 0 ]];
then
BSI=$(echo "$BSI"." " But according to the info from the partition table , it has $size sectors.);
fi; ## Don't display warning message in the common case BPB_Part_Size=0.
fi;

fi; #### End of BPB Error if then else
fi; ###### End of Investigation of the BPB of vfat partitions.
################################################## ##############################################
##### Display boot sector info
echo -n " Boot sector info: ">>"$Log"
echo $BSI | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'>>"$Log"

####Exclude Partitions which contain no information, #########
##### or which we (currently) don't know how to accces. #########
if [ "$type" != "swap" ] && [ "$type" != "Extended Partition" ] && [ "$type" != "unknown volume type" ] && [ "$type" != "LVM2_member" ] && [ "$type" != "linux_raid_member" ] && [ "$type" != "crypto_Luks" ] && [ "$system" != "Bios Boot Partition" ] ;
then

CheckMount=$(mount| grep "$part " |sed '2,$ d');
CheckMount=${CheckMount% type*};
CheckMount=${CheckMount#* on };
### Check whether partition is already mounted
if [ "$CheckMount" != "" ] ;
then
if [ "$CheckMount" = "/" ];
then mountname="";
else
mountname=$CheckMount; #### if yes,use existing mount point.
fi;
fi;
if [ "$CheckMount" != "" ] || mount -r -t "$type" $part "$mountname" 2>>$Mount_Error || ( [ "$type" = ntfs ] && ntfs-3g -o ro $part "$mountname" 2>>$Mount_Error ) ; ####### Try to mount partition
then ############ if partition is mounted.
#####Try to identify the Operating System (OS) by looking for files specific to the OS
OS=""

grep -q "W.i.n.d.o.w.s. .V.i.s.t.a" "$mountname"/{windows,Windows,WINDOWS}/{System32,system32}/{Winload,winload}.exe 2>>$Trash && OS="Windows Vista";

grep -q "W.i.n.d.o.w.s. .7" "$mountname"/{windows,Windows,WINDOWS}/{System32,system32}/{Winload,winload}.exe 2>>$Trash && OS="Windows 7";
for WinOS in "MS-DOS" "MS-DOS 6.22" "MS-DOS 6.21" "MS-DOS 6.0" "MS-DOS 5.0" "MS-DOS 4.01" "MS-DOS 3.3" "Windows 98" "Windows 95"; do grep -q "$WinOS" "$mountname"/{IO.SYS,io.sys} 2>>$Trash && OS="$WinOS"; done;


[ -s "$mountname/Windows/System32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -s "$mountname/WINDOWS/system32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -s "$mountname/WINDOWS/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] || [ -s "$mountname/windows/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] && OS="Windows XP";

[ -s "$mountname/etc/issue" ] && OS=$(sed -e 's/\\. //g' -e 's/\\.//g' -e 's/^[ \t]*//' "$mountname"/etc/issue);

[ -s "$mountname/etc/slackware-version" ] && OS=$(sed -e 's/\\. //g' -e 's/\\.//g' -e 's/^[ \t]*//' "$mountname"/etc/slackware-version);


#################################### search for the files in $Bootfiles ########################
#################################### and if found, display there contained ########################
BootFiles=""
if [ "$type" = "vfat" ];
then
Boot_Files=$Boot_Files_Fat;
else
Boot_Files=$Boot_Files_Normal;
fi;

for file in $Boot_Files;
do
if [ -f "$mountname"$file ] && [ -s "$mountname"$file ] && FileNotMounted "$mountname"$file "$mountname"
then
BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
if ! [ -h "$mountname"$file ]; ### check whether file is symlink
then ### if not a symlink, display content.
titlebar_gen "$name" $file; ##generates a titlebar above each file/dir listed
cat "$mountname"$file >> "$Log1";
fi;
fi;
done;
################# Search for Wubi partitions ###################################
if [ -f "$mountname""/ubuntu/disks/root.disk" ];
then
Wubi=$(losetup -a|awk '$3 ~ "(/host/ubuntu/disks/root.disk)"{print $1; exit}'|sed s/.$//)
#check whether Wubi already has a loop device.
if [[ "$Wubi" = "" ]];
then
Wubi=$(losetup -f --show "$mountname""/ubuntu/disks/root.disk" );
WubiDev=0;
else
WubiDev=1;
fi;
if [ "$Wubi" != "" ];
then
Get_Partition_Info "$Log"x "$Log1"x "$Wubi" "$name""/Wubi" "Wubi/""$mountname" "Wubi" 0 0 "Wubi" "";
[[ $WubiDev = 0 ]] && losetup -d "$Wubi"; #delete Wubu loop device, if created by BIS
else
echo "Found Wubi on $name. But could not create a loop device">>$Error_Log;
fi;
fi;



#################################### Search for the programs in $Boot_Prog, ###############
################################### if found displays their names. ###############
if [ "$type" = "vfat" ];
then
Boot_Prog=$Boot_Prog_Fat;
else
Boot_Prog=$Boot_Prog_Normal;
fi;

for file in $Boot_Prog;
do
if [ -f "$mountname"$file ] && [ -s "$mountname"$file ] && FileNotMounted "$mountname"$file "$mountname";
then
BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
fi;
done;


################### Search for the directories related to Booting ########################
##################, if found display the list of files #######################

# for file in $Boot_Dir; #directories in that directory.
# do
# if [ -d "$mountname"$file ];
# then
# BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
# titlebar_gen "$name" $file ##generates a titlebar above each file/dir listed
# ls -la "$mountname"$file >> "$Log1" ;
#
# fi;
# done;

#################### Search for files containing boot codes #################################

for file in $Boot_Codes_Dir ##### loop through all directories which might contain boot_code files
do
if [ -d "$mountname"$file ] && FileNotMounted "$mountname"$file "$mountname"; ##### if such directory exist
then
for loader in $( ls "$mountname"$file ); ##### look at the content of that directory
do
if [ -f "$mountname$file$loader" ] && [ -s "$mountname$file$loader" ]; #### it its a file
then
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 257 -n 8 -e '8/1 "%_p"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [ "$sig" = "BootPart" ] ##### Bootpart code has "BootPart" written at0x101
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 241 -n 4 -e '"%d"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 111 -n 1 -e '"%d"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
dr=$((dr -127))
BFI=$(echo $BFI " "BootPart in the file $file$loader is trying to chain load sector \#$offset on boot drive \#$dr);
fi;
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 383 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [ "$sig" = "GRUB" ]; ##### Grub and Grub1.96 have "Grub" written at 0x17f
then
sig2=$(hexdump -v -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [[ "$sig2" = "eb48" ]] ### distinguish Grub and Grub 2 by the
##### first two bytes.
then
stage2_loc "$mountname"$file$loader;
BFI=$(echo $BFI" "Grub $Grub_Version in the file $file$loader $Stage2_Msg);
else
core_loc "$mountname"$file$loader 1.96;
BFI=$(echo $BFI" "Grub 1.96 in the file $file$loader $Core_Msg);
fi;
fi;
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 392 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "$mountname"$file$loader);#### Grub1.97 has "Grub" writtem at 0x188
if [ "$sig" = "GRUB" ]; ##### Grub 2 have "Grub" written at 0x188
then
core_loc "$mountname"$file$loader 1.97;
BFI=$(echo $BFI" "Grub 2 in the file $file$loader $Core_Msg);
fi;

fi;
done; ## End of loop through the files in a particular Boot_Code_Directory
fi;
done ## End of the loop through the Boot_Code_Directories.

######### Determine the end point of all files in the GrubError18_Files list

echo >$Tmp_Log;
counter=0;
cd "$mountname"/;
for file in $(ls $GrubError18_Files 2>>$Trash);
do
if [[ -f $file ]] && [[ -s $file ]] && FileNotMounted "$mountname""/"$file "$mountname"
then
EndGB="??";
BlockSize=$(filefrag -v $file| grep "Blocksize" |awk '{print $6}');
if [ "$BlockSize" != "" ];
then
LastBlock=$(filefrag -v "$file"| grep "Last block" |awk '{print $3}');
if [ "$LastBlock" != "" ];
then
EndGB=$(echo $(((BlockSize*LastBlock + 512*start)/100000000 ))|sed 's/\(.\)$/\.\1/')
fi;
fi;
BlockSize=$(filefrag -v "$file"| grep "blocksize" |awk '{print $NF}'| sed 's/)//');
if [ "$BlockSize" != "" ];
then
LastBlock=$(filefrag -v "$file" | grep 'eof' |awk '{print $3}');
if [ "$LastBlock" != "" ];
then
EndGB=$(echo $(((BlockSize*LastBlock + 512*start)/100000000 ))|sed 's/\(.\)$/\.\1/')
fi;
fi;
printf "%6sGB: %-s\n" $EndGB "$file" >>$Tmp_Log;
((counter++));
fi;
done;
cd $Folder;
if [ $counter != 0 ];
then
titlebar_gen "$name" ": Location of files loaded by Grub";
cat $Tmp_Log>>"$Log1";
fi;
echo >$Tmp_Log;

if [[ $BFI != "" ]];
then
echo -n " Boot file info: ">>"$Log"
echo $BFI | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'>>"$Log"
fi;
echo " Operating System: "$OS | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'>>"$Log"
echo -n " Boot files/dirs: ">>"$Log"
echo $BootFiles | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'>>"$Log"

if [ "$CheckMount" = "" ]; ## if partition was mounted by the script
then
umount "$mountname" || umount -l "$mountname";
fi;
else ############### if partition failed to mount
echo " Mounting failed:">>"$Log";
cat $Mount_Error>>"$Log";
fi; ### end of Mounting "if then else"
fi; ### end of Partition Type "if then else"
echo>>"$Log";
if [[ -e "$Log"x ]];
then cat "$Log"x>>"$Log";
rm "$Log"x;
fi;
if [[ -e "$Log1"x ]];
then cat "$Log1"x>>"$Log1";
rm "$Log1"x;
fi;

} ## end Get_Partition_Info function



## "titlebar_gen" generates the $name$file title bar to always be either 79 or 80 chars total in length:
titlebar_gen () {
name_file="$1$2:"; name_file_length=${#name_file}
equal_signs_line_length=$(((80-name_file_length)/2-1)); equal_signs_line=""
for length in $(seq $equal_signs_line_length); do
equal_signs_line='='$equal_signs_line
done;
echo >> "$Log1";
echo "$equal_signs_line $name_file $equal_signs_line" >> "$Log1";
echo >> "$Log1";
}


echo " Boot Info Script $VERSION dated $DATE ">>"Log";
echo>>"Log";
echo '============================= Boot Info Summary: =============================='>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";

##### Search for hard drives which don't exist,have a corrupted partition table
##### or don't have a parition table(whole drive is a file system)
##### Information on all hard drives which a valid partition table are stored in the
##### Hard drives arrays: HD?????
FSD=0; #id for Filesystem Drives
for drive in $All_Hard_Drives;
do
size=$(fdisks $drive);
PrintBlkid $drive;
if [ 0 -lt $size 2>>$Trash ];
then
if [ "$(blkid $drive)" = "" ] || [ "$(blkid | grep $drive:)" = "" ]; #Check whether drive is a filesystem
then #if drive is not a filesytem
size=$((2*size));
# (not used) Hard_Drives=$Hard_Drives" "$drive;
HDName[$HI]=$drive;
HDSize[$HI]=$size;
geometry=$(fdisk -lu $drive 2>>$Trash | grep "head");
HDHead[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $1}');
HDTrack[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $3}');
HDCylinder[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $5}');
###Look at the first 4 bytes of the second sector to identify type of partition table;
case $(hexdump -v -s 512 -n 4 -e '"%_u"' $drive) in
"EMBR") HDPT[$HI]="BootIt";;
"EFI ") HDPT[$HI]="EFI";;
*) HDPT[$HI]="MSDos";;
esac;
HI=$((HI+1));
else #if drive is filesystem
if [ $( expr match "$(BlkidTag "$drive" TYPE)" '.*raid') -eq 0 ] || [ "$(BlkidTag "$drive" UUID)" != "" ];
then
FilesystemDrives[$FSD]="$drive";
((FSD++));
fi;
fi;
else
echo -n "$(basename $drive) " >>$FakeHardDrives;
fi;
done;
############ Identify the MBR of each hard drive.
echo "Identifying MBRs..." ;
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
drive="${HDName[$hi]}";
Message=$(echo is installed in the MBR of $drive)
case $(hexdump -v -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $drive) in ####Look at the first two bytes of the hard drive to identify the boot code installed in the MBR

################################ If Grub is in the MBR #########################

eb48) offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $drive);### 0x44 contains the offset of the next stage
if [ "$offset" != 1 ]; ###if Grub is installed without stage1.5 files
then
stage2_loc $drive;
Message=$(echo $Message and $Stage2_Msg)
else ### if grub is installed with stage1.5 files
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 1042 -n 94 -e '"%_u"' $drive);
Grub_Version=${Grub_String%%nul*};
tmp='/'${Grub_String#*/};
tmp=${tmp%%nul*};
stage=$(echo $tmp| awk '{print $1}');
menu=$(echo $tmp| awk '{print $2}');
[[ "$menu" = "" ]] || stage=$(echo $stage and $menu);
part_info=$((1045 + ${#Grub_Version}));
pa=$(hexdump -v -s $part_info -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
part_info=$((part_info+1));
dr=$(hexdump -v -s $part_info -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$((dr-127));
pa=$((pa+1));
if [ $dr = 128 ];
then
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on the same drive in partition \#$pa for $stage.)
else
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on boot drive \#$dr in partition \#$pa for $stage.)
fi;
fi;
BL="Grub "$Grub_Version;;
############################### If Grub 1.96 is in the MBR #####################################

eb4c ) BL="Grub 1.96";
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $drive);### 0x44 contains the offset of the next stage
if [ "$offset" != 1 ]; ###if Grub2 is installed without Core.
then
core_loc $drive 1.96;
Message=$(echo $Message and $Core_Msg)
else ### if Grub2 is installed with Core
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 1056 -n 64 -e '"%_u"' $drive);
Core_Dir=$(echo $Grub_String | sed s/nul[^$]*//);
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 1044 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 77 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$((dr-127));
pa=$((pa+1));
if [ $dr = 128 ];
then
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on the same drive in partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)
else
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on boot drive \#$dr in partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)
fi;
fi;;

################### If Grub 2 in the MBR###################################
eb63 ) BL="Grub 2"
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 92 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $drive);### 0x5c contains the offset of the core
if [ "$offset" != 1 ]; ###if Grub2 is installed without embeded Core.
then
core_loc $drive 1.97;
Message=$(echo $Message and $Core_Msg)
else ### if Grub2 is installed with Core
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 1052 -n 64 -e '"%_u"' $drive);
Core_Dir=$(echo $Grub_String | sed s/nul[^$]*//);
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 1044 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 77 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$((dr-127));
pa=$((pa+1));
if [ $pa = 255 ];
then
Message=$(echo $Message and looks for $Core_Dir.)
else
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on the same drive in partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)

fi;
fi;;
################################################## ############################################
ebe) BL=ThinkPad;;
31c0) BL="Acer 3";;
33c0) BL=Windows;;
33ff) BL='HP/Gateway';;
b800) BL=PloP;;
ea1e) BL="Truecrypt Boot Loader";;
eb04) BL=Solaris;;
eb31) BL=Paragon;;
eb5e) case $(hexdump -v -n 3 -e '/1 "%x"' $drive) in ####Look at the first three bytes of the hard drive to identify the boot code installed in the MBR
eb5e00) BL=fbinst;;
eb5e80) BL=Grub4Dos;;
esac;;
fa31) case $(hexdump -v -n 3 -e '/1 "%x"' $drive) in ####Look at the first tree bytes of the hard drive to identify the boot code installed in the MBR
fa31c0) BL=Syslinux;;
fa31c9) BL="Master Boot LoaDeR";;
esac;;

fa33) BL="No boot loader";;
fab8) BL="No boot loader";;
fabe) BL="No boot loader?";;
faeb) BL=Lilo;;
fc31) BL=Testdisk;;
fc33) BL=GAG;;
fceb) BL="BootIt NG";;
00) BL="No boot loader";;
*) BL="No known boot loader"
echo "Unknown MBR on $drive" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -v -n 512 -C $drive >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;;
esac;
##Output message at beginning of summary that gives MBR info for each drive:
echo -n " => ">>"$Log"
echo "$BL $Message" | fold -s -w 75 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/' >>"$Log"
HDMBR[$hi]=$BL;
done;
echo>>"$Log";
################################################## ####################################
############# Store and Display all the partitions tables.##########################
for HI in ${!HDName[@]};
do
drive=${HDName[$HI]};
echo "Computing Partition Table of $drive...";
FP=$((PI+1)); #used if non-MS_DOS partition table is not in use.
FirstPartition[$HI]=$FP;
PTType=${HDPT[$HI]};
HDPT[$HI]="MSDos";
echo "Drive: $(basename $drive ) ___________________ __________________________________________________ ___" >>$PartitionTable;
fdisk -lu $drive 2>>$Trash |sed '/omitting/ d'|sed '6,$ d' >>$PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
printf "$PTFormat" "Partition" "Boot" "Start" "End" "Size" "Id" "System">>$PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
ReadPT $HI 0 4 $PartitionTable "$PTFormat" "" 0;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
LastPartition[$HI]=$PI;
LP=$PI;
CheckPT ${FirstPartition[$HI]} ${LastPartition[$HI]} $PartitionTable $HI;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
HDPT[$HI]=$PTType;
case $PTType in
BootIt) echo -n BootIt NG Partition Table detected>>$PartitionTable;
[[ "${HDMBR[$HI]}" = "BootIt NG" ]] && echo . >>$PartitionTable || echo , but does not seem to be used. >>$PartitionTable;
echo>>$PartitionTable;
ReadEMBR $HI $PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
if [ "${HDMBR[$HI]}" = "BootIt NG" ];
then
LastPartition[$HI]=$PI;
CheckPT ${FirstPartition[$HI]} ${LastPartition[$HI]} $PartitionTable $HI;
else
FirstPartition[$HI]=$FP;
fi;;
EFI) FirstPartition[$HI]=$((PI+1));
EFIee=$(hexdump -v -s 450 -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive);
echo -n GUID Partition Table detected>>$PartitionTable;
[[ "$EFIee" = "ee" ]] && echo . >>$PartitionTable || echo , but does not seem to be used. >>$PartitionTable ;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
ReadEFI $HI $PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
if [ "$EFIee" = "ee" ];
then
LastPartition[$HI]=$PI;
CheckPT ${FirstPartition[$HI]} ${LastPartition[$HI]} $PartitionTable $HI;
else
FirstPartition[$HI]=$FP;
fi;;
esac;
done;

for hi in ${!HDName[@]}; ############Loop through all Hard Drives
do
drive=${HDName[$hi]}
for (( pi = FirstPartition[$hi]; pi <= LastPartition[$hi]; pi++ )); ## And then loop through ###the partitions on that drive
do

part_type=${TypeArray[$pi]}; #### Type of the partition according to fdisk
start=${StartArray[$pi]};
size=${SizeArray[$pi]};
end=${EndArray[$pi]};
kind=${KindArray[$pi]};
system=${SystemArray[$pi]};
if [[ "${DeviceArray[$pi]}" = "" ]];
then
name="${NamesArray[$pi]}";
mountname=$(basename $drive)"_"$pi;
part=$(losetup -f --show -o $((start*512)) $drive);
#### --sizelimit $((size*512)) --sizelimit seems to be a recently added option for losetup. Failed on Hardy
else
part="${DeviceArray[$pi]}";
name=$(basename $part); #### Name of the partition (/dev/sda8 -> sda8)
mountname=$name;
fi;

Get_Partition_Info "$Log" "$Log1" "$part" "$name" "$mountname" "$kind" "$start" "$end" "$system" "$pi";

[[ "${DeviceArray[$pi]}" = "" ]] && losetup -d $part;
done; ### end of partition loop
done; ### end of hard drive loop


################ Deactivate dmraid's activated by the script#############

if [ "$InActiveDMRaid" != "" ];
then
dmraid -an $InActiveDMRaid
fi;

##################### Search LVM partitions for information. #########
##################### only works if the "LVM2"-package is installed #########
if type lvscan >>$Trash 2>>$Trash && type lvdisplay >>$Trash 2>>$Trash && type lvchange >>$Trash 2>>$Trash;

then ### if LVM2 is installed

LVM_Partitions=$(lvscan| awk '{print $2}'| awk -F / '{print "/dev/mapper" "/" $3 "-" $4}'|sed s/.$//)

for LVM in $LVM_Partitions;
do
LVM_Size=$(lvdisplay -c $LVM |awk -F : '{print $7}');
LVM_Status=$(lvdisplay $LVM |grep "LV Status"|awk '{print $3}');
lvchange -ay $LVM;
name=${LVM:12};
mountname="LVM/""$name";
kind="LVM";
start=0;
end=$LVM_Size;
system="";
pi="";

Get_Partition_Info "$Log" "$Log1" "$LVM" "$name" "$mountname" "$kind" "$start" "$end" "$system" "$pi";

[[ "$LVM_Status" = "NOT" ]] && lvchange -an "$LVM";
#deactivate all LVM's,which were not active.


done;
fi;


####################### Search MDRaid Partitons for Information##############################
###################### Only works if "mdadm" is installed #############################
if type mdadm >>$Trash 2>>$Trash;
then
MD_Active_Array=$(mdadm --detail --scan |awk '{print $2}');
## all arrays which are already assembled
mdadm --assemble --scan #assemble all arrays
MD_Array=$(mdadm --detail --scan|awk '{print $2}');
## all arrays.
for MD in $MD_Array;
do
MD_Size=$(fdisks $MD); #size in blocks
MD_Size=$((2*MD_Size)); #size in sectors
MD_Active=0;
for MDA in $MD_Active_Array; ## check whether MD is active
do
if [[ "$MDA" = "$MD" ]]
then
MD_Active=1;
break;
fi;
done;
name=${MD:5};
mountname="MDRaid/""$name";
kind="MDRaid";
start=0;
end=$MD_Size;
system="";
pi="";

Get_Partition_Info "$Log" "$Log1" "$MD" "$name" "$mountname" "$kind" "$start" "$end" "$system" "$pi";

[[ "$MD_Active" = 0 ]] && mdadm --stop $MD

#deactivate all MD_Raid's,which were not active.
done;
fi;

####################### Search Filessystem hard drive for information########################

for FD in ${FilesystemDrives[@]};
do
FD_Size=$(fdisks $FD); #size in blocks
FD_Size=$((2*FD_Size)); #size in sectors
name=${FD:5};
mountname="FD/""$name";
kind="FD";
start=0;
end=$FD_Size;
system="";
pi="";

Get_Partition_Info "$Log" "$Log1" "$FD" "$name" "$mountname" "$kind" "$start" "$end" "$system" "$pi";
done;


################################################## #############################################

echo '=========================== Drive/Partition Info: ============================='>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";

[ -e $PartitionTable ] && cat $PartitionTable>>"$Log" || echo no valid partition table found>>"$Log";


echo "blkid -c /dev/null: __________________________________________________ __________">>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
printf "$BlkidFormat" Device UUID TYPE LABEL>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log"
for dev in $(blkid -o device);do PrintBlkid $dev;done;
sort -u $BLKID>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";

if [ $(ls -R /dev/mapper 2>>$Trash | wc -l) -gt 2 ]
then

echo '=============================== "ls -R /dev/mapper/" output: ==============================='>>"$Log";
ls -R /dev/mapper>>$Log
echo>>"$Log";
fi;





echo '============================ "mount | grep ^/dev output: ==========================='>>"$Log";
MountFormat='%-16s %-24s %-10s %s\n';
Fis=':x:x:x:x:'
echo>>"$Log";
printf "$MountFormat" "Device" "Mount_Point" "Type" "Options" >>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
mount | grep ' / '| grep -v '^/'| sed 's/ on /'$Fis'/' |sed 's/ type /'$Fis'/'|sed 's/ (/'$Fis'(/'|awk -F $Fis '{printf "'"$MountFormat"'", $1, $2, $3, $4 }'>>"$Log";
mount | grep '^/dev'|sed 's/ on /'$Fis'/' |sed 's/ type /'$Fis'/' |sed 's/ (/'$Fis'(/'|awk -F $Fis '{printf "'"$MountFormat"'", $1, $2, $3, $4 }'>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";


################# Write the content of Log1 to the log file
[ -e "$Log1" ] && cat "$Log1">>"$Log";

if [ -e $Unknown_MBR ];
then
echo "=========================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc =======================">>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
cat $Unknown_MBR>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
fi;

if [ -e $FakeHardDrives ];
then
echo "=======Devices which don't seem to have a corresponding hard drive==============">>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
cat $FakeHardDrives>>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
fi;


##################### Write the Error Log to the log file
if [ -s $Error_Log ];
then
echo "=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================">>"$Log";
echo>>"$Log";
cat $Error_Log>>"$Log";
fi;

##### Copy the Log file to RESULTS file and make the user the owner of Result file
cp "$Log" "$LogFile"
chown $(basename ~) "$LogFile";

####### Reset the Standard Output to the Terminal
#exec 1>&-;
#exec 1>&6;
#exec 6>&-;

echo Finished. The results are in the file $(basename "$LogFile") located in "$Dir";
exit

drs305
December 2nd, 2010, 05:25 PM
0per4t0r,

We need the contents of RESULTS.txt. You have posted the contents of the actual boot info script itself.

0per4t0r
December 2nd, 2010, 05:40 PM
0per4t0r,

We need the contents of RESULTS.txt. You have posted the contents of the actual boot info script itself.
Funny, i swore i posted the contents of results.txt, must be because i assumed that i was supposed to use sudo bash ~/Desktop/boot_info_script055.sh instead of sudo bash ~/Desktop/boot_info_script*.sh


Boot Info Script 0.55 dated February 15th, 2010

============================= Boot Info Summary: ==============================

=> Grub 2 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks on the same drive in
partition #5 for /boot/grub.
=> No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb

sda1: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: ntfs
Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7
Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
Operating System: Windows Vista
Boot files/dirs: /bootmgr /boot/bcd

sda2: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: ntfs
Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7
Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
Operating System:
Boot files/dirs: /bootmgr

sda3: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: Extended Partition
Boot sector type: -
Boot sector info:

sda5: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: ext4
Boot sector type: -
Boot sector info:
Operating System: Ubuntu 10.04.1 LTS
Boot files/dirs: /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab /boot/grub/core.img

sda6: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: swap
Boot sector type: -
Boot sector info:

sdb1: __________________________________________________ _______________________

File system: ntfs
Boot sector type: Windows Vista/7
Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
Operating System:
Boot files/dirs:

=========================== Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: sda ___________________ __________________________________________________ ___

Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Partition Boot Start End Size Id System

/dev/sda1 * 63 614,405,924 614,405,862 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 614,405,925 679,935,059 65,529,135 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda3 679,935,060 976,768,064 296,833,005 5 Extended
/dev/sda5 679,935,123 956,702,879 276,767,757 83 Linux
/dev/sda6 956,702,943 975,739,904 19,036,962 82 Linux swap / Solaris


Drive: sdb ___________________ __________________________________________________ ___

Disk /dev/sdb: 7948 MB, 7948206080 bytes
81 heads, 10 sectors/track, 19165 cylinders, total 15523840 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Partition Boot Start End Size Id System

/dev/sdb1 8,192 15,523,839 15,515,648 7 HPFS/NTFS


blkid -c /dev/null: __________________________________________________ __________

Device UUID TYPE LABEL

/dev/loop0 squashfs
/dev/sda1 8E128C10128BFB89 ntfs Vista
/dev/sda2 56F6A032F6A01471 ntfs PRESARIO_RP
/dev/sda3: PTTYPE="dos"
/dev/sda5 e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ext4
/dev/sda6 a971256f-d986-4f9b-b71c-8d88abd77436 swap
/dev/sda: PTTYPE="dos"
/dev/sdb1 B0A0BF58A0BF23AE ntfs SD Card
/dev/sdb: PTTYPE="dos"

============================ "mount | grep ^/dev output: ===========================

Device Mount_Point Type Options

aufs / aufs (rw)
/dev/sr0 /cdrom iso9660 (ro,noatime)
/dev/loop0 /rofs squashfs (ro,noatime)


=========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by /usr/sbin/grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
load_env
fi
set default="0"
if [ ${prev_saved_entry} ]; then
set saved_entry=${prev_saved_entry}
save_env saved_entry
set prev_saved_entry=
save_env prev_saved_entry
set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
if [ -z ${boot_once} ]; then
saved_entry=${chosen}
save_env saved_entry
fi
}

function recordfail {
set recordfail=1
if [ -n ${have_grubenv} ]; then if [ -z ${boot_once} ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
if loadfont /usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2 ; then
set gfxmode=640x480
insmod gfxterm
insmod vbe
if terminal_output gfxterm ; then true ; else
# For backward compatibility with versions of terminal.mod that don't
# understand terminal_output
terminal gfxterm
fi
fi
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
set locale_dir=($root)/boot/grub/locale
set lang=en
insmod gettext
if [ ${recordfail} = 1 ]; then
set timeout=-1
else
set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-26-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-26-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-26-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-26-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.32-26-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-26-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-26-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-25-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-25-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-25-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-25-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.32-25-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-25-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-25-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-21-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-21-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-21-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-21-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.32-21-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-21-generic root=UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-21-generic
}
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,5)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry "Windows Vista (loader) (on /dev/sda1)" {
insmod ntfs
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 8e128c10128bfb89
chainloader +1
}
menuentry "Windows Vista (loader) (on /dev/sda2)" {
insmod ntfs
set root='(hd0,2)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 56f6a032f6a01471
chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries. Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment. Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

=============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ===============================

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid -o value -s UUID' to print the universally unique identifier
# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name
# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=e9ea8cba-559d-4199-90be-f389f957eb69 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
# swap was on /dev/sda6 during installation
UUID=a971256f-d986-4f9b-b71c-8d88abd77436 none swap sw 0 0

=================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ===================


364.4GB: boot/grub/core.img
359.1GB: boot/grub/grub.cfg
365.8GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-21-generic
366.4GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-25-generic
366.4GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-26-generic
363.2GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-21-generic
363.9GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-25-generic
366.3GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-26-generic
366.4GB: initrd.img
366.4GB: initrd.img.old
366.3GB: vmlinuz
363.9GB: vmlinuz.old

oldfred
December 2nd, 2010, 05:52 PM
With Vista the script normally finds these 3 files (win7 they may be in two partitions). You only have two.
/bootmgr /Boot/BCD /Windows/System32/winload.exe

It does not look like you have the main install /windows and /windows/System32??

Look in your windows partitions for the system folders to see if they are there.

0per4t0r
December 2nd, 2010, 06:03 PM
I looked in my windows partition and found all three of them, oldfred..

oldfred
December 2nd, 2010, 11:02 PM
Usually the script finds the exe file also.

Have you then tried booting both Vista entries in the grub menu? Particularly the partition that has the /Windows/System32/winload.exe.

0per4t0r
December 2nd, 2010, 11:12 PM
Usually the script finds the exe file also.

Have you then tried booting both Vista entries in the grub menu? Particularly the partition that has the /Windows/System32/winload.exe.
Yes, i've successfully booted both vista entries in grub before... Including the one that has winload.exe

It's just sometimes, after booting in ubuntu or vista, windows restarts during startup, and when i try to boot i get the the windows error recovery screen, and if i select "Repair your computer," Then i get a Windows Boot Manager Screen with

Status: 0xc000000f

Info: The boot selection failed because a required device is inaccessible.

Then, after the first startup failure, sometimes it boots on the second try, but if it restarts during startup a second time, i have to boot in ubuntu and run the script i mentioned in my first post, which 90% of the time, allows me to boot into windows on the first or second try..

oldfred
December 3rd, 2010, 12:12 AM
That has nothing to do with grub2 and booting from grub. It is a windows error.

Windows boots from the MBR and jumps to the active (boot flag) partition to continue booting. Grub just bypasses the MBR and jumps to the active partition. Once there it is windows all the way.

Just as the boot script did not find the winload.exe this says that is what the error is.

http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en/itprovistasetup/thread/ba1f2abb-0c1c-4a94-94c7-d41f1402d20f

0xc000000f \windows\system32\winload.exe is missing or corrupt

0per4t0r
December 3rd, 2010, 12:44 AM
Okay, it looks like i fixed my problem by booting up the Vista recovery partition that came with my laptop and doing
Bootrec.exe /FixBoot

Thanks a lot! :)

Kepesk
January 4th, 2011, 08:38 PM
Thanks for providing your solution! I had a similar problem on an HP laptop and your solution led me to mine.

I used the Vista recovery partition and used the "Run Computer Checkup" tool to start a command prompt. Then I used your Bootrec.exe /FixBoot suggestion. However, that didn't quite work.

I then had to use the Bootrec.exe /RebuildBcd command to refresh Windows' memory on exactly where it was located. Then after I restarted, Grub let me into Windows normally.