PDA

View Full Version : [ubuntu] terminal commands



fauna
December 12th, 2008, 01:45 AM
Sorry for being so ignorant but aside from buying a book where does one find out about all the terminal commands.The forum has been very helpful but what I usually do is cut and paste and that sure doesn't help understand what's going on.I love Ubuntu-principles and practice but sometimes it's like being in deep water and not knowing how to swim.If i could knowingly do more it would be goodbye XP which always seems on the edge of dying. Fauna:-({|=

howefield
December 12th, 2008, 01:48 AM
Browse a few chapters here,

http://gd.tuwien.ac.at/linuxcommand.org/learning_the_shell.php

cardinals_fan
December 12th, 2008, 01:51 AM
Entering
man commandwill give you some info on it. You can find tons of these man pages here (http://linux.die.net/man/) and some good docs here (http://linux.die.net/). You have to register for it, but IBM has an interesting guide here (https://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/iwm/web/preLogin.do?source=dw-linux-lpic1103&S_TACT=105AGX59&S_CMP=GR&ca=dgr-lnxw09LPI101103).

bodhi.zazen
December 12th, 2008, 01:54 AM
that and learning to read the man pages :twisted:

You can add color to the man pages with most :


sudo apt-get install mostThen add this to ~/.bashrc


pager='most'then . .bashrc

man man

redandgreen
December 12th, 2008, 02:52 AM
I'm pretty new to it as well, and I find I've learned best by doing. Find a nice clear set of instructions for something harmless, and google them between cutting and pasting. Unpack and repack some tars. Play with switches. Be careful of rm!

Stan%
December 12th, 2008, 02:59 AM
Start here: http://linuxcommand.org/

Then here: http://tldp.org/LDP/intro-linux/html/index.html

stevek123
December 12th, 2008, 04:30 AM
A list of the actual commands and a basic bkgnd can be found here

http://www.linuxdevcenter.com/linux/cmd/

fauna
December 12th, 2008, 05:03 PM
Thanks for all the suggestions-I'll be busy checking them out.This is what I tell people is good about the Ubuntu community-people respnd and offer help.You know what would happen if I tried to get help for my XP or ,even worse,from the antivirus company-bad answers days later or no response at all.Again,thanks, fauna

hyper_ch
December 12th, 2008, 05:13 PM
I'd also recommend http://www.linuxcommand.org to learn the basics (and not so basic stuff also)...

In addition I recommend those two cheat sheets:
http://files.fosswire.com/2007/08/fwunixref.pdf
http://files.fosswire.com/2008/04/ubunturef.pdf

That's a nice overview over the most used commands and doing some stuff in the cli (although I spotted a few mistakes or rather things to improve)

Kevbert
December 12th, 2008, 05:18 PM
Here's a website on the command line (http://www.linuxcommand.org/).
Here's a cheat sheet (http://fosswire.com/2007/08/02/unixlinux-command-cheat-sheet/) that you may find helpful.

carml
December 12th, 2008, 05:23 PM
In alternative you can also find a brief description of the commands for shell in System->Help and support-> Advanced arguments->Basic commands ):P.

capnthommo
December 12th, 2008, 06:12 PM
hi fauna, i'm new too and want to say thanks for this question 'cos i was thinking of asking it too - you saved me one. and i echo what you say about the community, it really feels like 'coming home'.
cheers
nigel

linux_tech
December 12th, 2008, 06:22 PM
Keyboard shortcuts
http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/ubuntu/keyboard-shortcuts-for-bash-command-shell-for-ubuntu-debian-suse-redhat-linux-etc/

http://gd.tuwien.ac.at/linuxcommand.org/

linux command line reference
http://www.pixelbeat.org/cmdline.html
http://fosswire.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/fwunixref.pdf

mkvnmtr
December 12th, 2008, 06:35 PM
I don't remember how I did things very well so learning commands is hard. It helps me a lot if every time I do something I write a note in Tomboy. Later when I want to do the same thing there it is.

Keith Hedger
December 12th, 2008, 07:27 PM
Something that hasn't been suggested is the "apropos" command, if you are not sure which command you need to look up with man try (for instance)
apropos mpeg to get a list of relevant commands and a brief description

ibuclaw
December 12th, 2008, 07:57 PM
Something that has been priceless to me are the various LPI coursebooks out there.

They aim at helping you passing the LPI exams, and becoming an LPI Certified Linux System Administrator, but they go through each course section at a level that even a new user can understand/follow them through.

You'll learn alot about how Linux works, from filesystem structure to the X screen server.

There are four lots of OpenOffice Books here:
http://www.nongnu.org/lpi-manuals/

and IBM have their own documentation too:
http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/lpi/
Though, it requires free registration with them first

Regards
Iain

Nico-dk
December 12th, 2008, 08:04 PM
10 min crash course (http://www.brighthub.com/computing/linux/articles/7116.aspx) that'll teach you the basics in a very newbie friendly manner.


Entering
man commandwill give you some info on it.
+1

From time to time I have use AIX at work, and whenever I get stuck man is there to poit me in the right direction.